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    Healthcare providers use different tests and measures to diagnose TBI. Often, multiple measures are used together to diagnose TBI and to map out a path for treatment and recovery. Some of these tests are described in the following sections. In addition to “neuro-checks”—a series of quick questions and tasks that help healthcare providers assess how well a TBI patient’s brain and body are working—some in-depth tests help reveal levels of injury or damage in TBI patients.

    Please note: This website does not include all tests that may be used to diagnose TBI.


    Open Citations

    1. Brain Injury Association of America. (n.d.). Diagnosing brain injury. Retrieved March 20, 2020, from  https://www.biausa.org/brain-injury/about-brain-injury/diagnosis/neuroimaging
    2. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. (2020). Traumatic brain injury: Hope through research. Retrieved March 20, 2020, from  https://www.ninds.nih.gov/Disorders/Patient-Caregiver-Education/Hope-Through-Research/Traumatic-Brain-Injury-Hope-Through
    3. Brain Injury Association of America. (n.d.). About brain injury. Retrieved March 20, 2020, from  https://www.biausa.org/brain-injury/about-brain-injury
    4. Brain Injury Association of America. (n.d.). Glasgow Coma Scale. Retrieved March 20, 2020, from  https://www.biausa.org/brain-injury/about-brain-injury/diagnosis/assessments-in-the-hospital/glasgow-coma-scale
    5. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. (n.d.). Traumatic brain injury. Retrieved March 20, 2020, from  https://www.asha.org/public/speech/disorders/Traumatic-Brain-Injury/
    6. Food and Drug Administration. (2018). FDA authorizes marketing of first blood test to aid in the evaluation of concussion in adults. Retrieved March 21, 2020, from  https://www.fda.gov/news-events/press-announcements/fda-authorizes-marketing-first-blood-test-aid-evaluation-concussion-adults
    7. National Institutes of Health. (2017). Biomarker in blood may help predict recovery time for sports concussions. Retrieved March 21, 2020, from https://www.nih.gov/news-events/news-releases/biomarker-blood-may-help-predict-recovery-time-sports-concussions


    Can a neurologist diagnose brain injury?
    After a patient has suffered a head injury, a neurologist will perform a thorough neurological exam to test for any effects of that injury on the brain, spine, or nerves. During the neurological exam, the neurologist evaluates a patient's mental status, speech, reflexes, motor functioning, balance, and visual acuity. more
    Why would a neurologist order an MRI of the brain?
    MRI is used to diagnose stroke, traumatic brain injury, brain and spinal cord tumors, inflammation, infection, vascular irregularities, brain damage associated with epilepsy, abnormally developed brain regions, and some neurodegenerative disorders. more
    What is the difference between a traumatic brain injury and an acquired brain injury?
    An acquired brain injury is the umbrella term for all brain injuries. There are two types of acquired brain injury: traumatic and non-traumatic. A traumatic brain injury (TBI) is defined as an alteration in brain function, or other evidence of brain pathology, caused by an external force. more
    Should I see a neurologist for brain fog?
    From brain fog, fatigue, and frequent headaches, to stroke-like symptoms or a family history of multiple sclerosis or another neurological condition, Lori Hendin Travis, MD, a neurologist at HonorHealth Neurology, says many situations warrant seeing a neurologist. more
    How does a neurologist check your brain?
    These tests may include one or more of the following:
    1. Blood and/or urine tests.
    2. Imaging tests such as an x-ray or MRI.
    3. A cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) test.
    4. Biopsy.
    5. Tests, such as electroencephalography (EEG) and electromyography (EMG), which use small electric sensors to measure brain activity and nerve function.
    Is brain surgery a traumatic brain injury?
    Surgical brain injury (SBI) comprises a form of injury that inadvertently results from damaged brain tissue at the perisurgical site due to neurosurgical maneuvers such as incision, retraction, and electrocauterization, all of which are essential surgical techniques. more
    Can a brain scan show brain damage?
    These newer, specialized types of MRI scans can now look and assess damage to the brains structure, or measure brain function to detect changes in the brains structure and function due to TBI and concussions. more
    Do dogs have right brain or left brain?
    Individuals—canine or human—who favor the left paw or hand more often use the right hemisphere of their brain, while right-pawed and right-handed individuals have a more active left-brain hemisphere. Studies have shown differences between right-pawed and left-pawed dogs. more
    Is it better to be right brain or left-brain?
    Left-handed people have right brain dominance for body control, which may also result in the more artistic personality for which such people are known. However, as can be seen by the fact that there are numerous right-handed artists as well as left-handed rational thinkers, brain lateralization only goes so far. more
    How is an ADHD brain different from a normal brain?
    ADHD brains have low levels of a neurotransmitter called norepinephrine. Norepinephrine is linked arm-in-arm with dopamine. Dopamine is the thing that helps control the brain's reward and pleasure center. The ADHD brain has impaired activity in four functional regions of the brain. more
    Can a neurologist read a brain MRI?
    Neurologists may read their own patients' MRIs. There is a significant benefit in correlating the clinical and imaging findings, but again, findings in other body parts could potentially be missed. more

    Source: www.nichd.nih.gov

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