Published on March 25, 2021 by Jack Caulfield . Revised on June 28, 2022.

    To cite an image, you need an in-text citation and a corresponding reference entry. The reference entry should list:

    • The creator of the image
    • The year it was published
    • The title of the image
    • The format of the image (e.g., “photograph”)
    • Its location or container (e.g. a website , book , or museum)

    The format varies depending on where you accessed the image and which citation style you’re using: APA , MLA , or Chicago .

    If you include the image directly in your text as a figure, you’ll usually have to include an appropriate copyright/permissions statement.

    Citing an image in APA Style

    In an APA Style reference entry for an image found on a website , write the image title in italics, followed by a description of its format in square brackets. Include the name of the site and the URL. The APA in-text citation just includes the photographer’s name and the year.

    APA format Author last name , Initials . ( Year ). Image title [ Format ]. Site Name . URL APA reference entry Reis, L. (2021). Northern cardinal female at Lake Meyer Park IA 653A2079 [Photograph]. Flickr. https://flic.kr/p/2kNpoXB APA in-text citation (Reis, 2021)

    The information included after the title and format varies for images from other containers (e.g. books , articles ).

    When you include the image itself in your text, you’ll also have to format it as a figure and include appropriate copyright/permissions information .

    Images viewed in person

    For an artwork viewed at a museum, gallery, or other physical archive, include information about the institution and location. If there’s a page on the institution’s website for the specific work, its URL can also be included.

    APA format Author last name , Initials . ( Year ). Image title [ Format ]. Institution Name , Location . URL APA reference entry Kahlo, F. (1940). Self-portrait with cropped hair [Painting]. Museum of Modern Art, New York City, NY, United States. https://www.moma.org/collection/works/78333 APA in-text citation (Kahlo, 1940)

    Citing an image in MLA Style

    In an MLA Works Cited entry for an image found online , the title of the image appears in quotation marks, the name of the site in italics. Include the full publication date if available, not just the year.

    The MLA in-text citation normally just consists of the author’s last name.

    MLA format Author last name , First name . “ Image Title .” Website Name , Day Month Year , URL . MLA Works Cited entry Reis, Larry. “Northern Cardinal Female at Lake Meyer Park IA 653A2079.” Flickr, 22 Mar. 2021, https://flic.kr/p/2kNpoXB. MLA in-text citation (Reis)

    The information included after the title and format differs for images contained within other source types, such as books and articles .

    If you include the image itself as a figure, make sure to format it correctly .

    Images viewed in person

    A citation for an image viewed in a museum (or other physical archive, e.g. a gallery) includes the name and location of the institution instead of website information.

    MLA format Author last name , First name . “ Image Title .” Year , Institution Name , City . MLA Works Cited entry Kahlo, Frida. “Self-Portrait with Cropped Hair.” 1940, Museum of Modern Art, New York. MLA in-text citation (Kahlo)

    Citing an image in Chicago Style

    In Chicago style , images may just be referred to in the text without need for a citation or bibliography entry.

    If you have to include a full Chicago style image citation , however, list the title in italics, add relevant information about the image format, and add a URL at the end of the bibliography entry for images consulted online.

    Chicago format Author last name , First name . Image Title . Month Day , Year . Format . Website Name . URL . Chicago bibliography entry Reis, Larry. Northern Cardinal Female at Lake Meyer Park IA 653A2079. March 22, 2021. Photograph. Flickr. https://flic.kr/p/2kNpoXB. Chicago footnote 1. Larry Reis, Northern Cardinal Female at Lake Meyer Park IA 653A2079, March 22, 2021, photograph, Flickr, https://flic.kr/p/2kNpoXB.

    2. Reis, Northern Cardinal Female.

    Chicago also offers an alternative author-date citation style . Examples of image citations in this style can be found here .

    Images viewed in person

    For an image viewed in a museum, gallery, or other physical archive, you can again just refer to it in the text without a formal citation. If a citation is required, list the institution and the city it is located in at the end of the bibliography entry.

    Chicago format Author last name , First name . Image Title . Year . Format . Institution Name , City . Chicago bibliography entry Kahlo, Frida. Self-Portrait with Cropped Hair. 1940. Oil on canvas, 40 x 27.9 cm. Museum of Modern Art, New York. Chicago footnote 1. Frida Kahlo, Self-Portrait with Cropped Hair, 1940, oil on canvas, 40 x 27.9 cm, Museum of Modern Art, New York.

    2. Kahlo, Self-Portrait with Cropped Hair.

    Frequently asked questions about citations

    What are the main elements of an image citation?

    The main elements included in image citations across APA , MLA , and Chicago style are the name of the image’s creator, the image title, the year (or more precise date) of publication, and details of the container in which the image was found (e.g. a museum, book , website ).

    In APA and Chicago style, it’s standard to also include a description of the image’s format (e.g. “Photograph” or “Oil on canvas”). This sort of information may be included in MLA too, but is not mandatory.

    How do I cite a source with no title?

    Untitled sources (e.g. some images ) are usually cited using a short descriptive text in place of the title. In APA Style , this description appears in brackets: [Chair of stained oak]. In MLA and Chicago styles, no brackets are used: Chair of stained oak.

    For social media posts, which are usually untitled, quote the initial words of the post in place of the title: the first 160 characters in Chicago , or the first 20 words in APA . E.g. Biden, J. [@JoeBiden]. “The American Rescue Plan means a $7,000 check for a single mom of four. It means more support to safely.”

    MLA recommends quoting the full post for something short like a tweet, and just describing the post if it’s longer.

    In APA , MLA , and Chicago style citations for sources that don’t list a specific author (e.g. many websites ), you can usually list the organization responsible for the source as the author.

    If the organization is the same as the website or publisher, you shouldn’t repeat it twice in your reference:

    • In APA and Chicago, omit the website or publisher name later in the reference.
    • In MLA, omit the author element at the start of the reference, and cite the source title instead.

    If there’s no appropriate organization to list as author, you will usually have to begin the citation and reference entry with the title of the source instead.

    Which citation style should I use?

    Check if your university or course guidelines specify which citation style to use. If the choice is left up to you, consider which style is most commonly used in your field.

    • APA Style is the most popular citation style, widely used in the social and behavioral sciences.
    • MLA style is the second most popular, used mainly in the humanities.
    • Chicago notes and bibliography style is also popular in the humanities, especially history.
    • Chicago author-date style tends to be used in the sciences.

    Other more specialized styles exist for certain fields, such as Bluebook and OSCOLA for law.

    The most important thing is to choose one style and use it consistently throughout your text.

    Is this article helpful?

    You have already voted. Thanks :-) Your vote is saved :-) Processing your vote...

    How do you credit a picture in an essay?
    Include information in the following order:
    1. author (if available)
    2. year produced (if available)
    3. title of image (or a description)
    4. Format and any details (if applicable)
    5. name and place of the sponsor of the source.
    6. accessed day month year (the date you viewed/ downloaded the image)
    more
    Do credit unions Check your credit?
    Credit Unions may run credit checks when you apply to join. However, your score won't necessarily determine whether you'll be approved for membership. Instead, it may dictate which services you're eligible for. more
    Does credit card consolidation hurt credit?
    Debt consolidation loans can hurt your credit, but it's only temporary. When consolidating debt, your credit is checked, which can lower your credit score. Consolidating multiple accounts into one loan can also lower your credit utilization ratio, which can also hurt your score. more
    Do credit checks hurt your credit?
    Checking your credit reports or credit scores will not impact credit scores. Regularly checking your credit reports and credit scores is a good way to ensure information is accurate. Hard inquiries in response to a credit application do impact credit scores. more
    Do credit unions help build credit?
    Does joining a credit union build credit? Joining a credit union can help build credit, provided you follow the right steps. For example, if you join a credit union with bad credit, you may want to consider getting a secured credit card to improve your credit score. This is also an option if you're new to credit. more
    Does a credit card build credit?
    Credit cards offer one of the best ways for you to build your credit and improve your credit scores by showing how you manage credit on a regular basis. If you want to build good credit, use credit cards regularly while making all your payments on time and using a small portion of your card's credit limit. more
    Does Credit Karma ruin your credit?
    Checking your free credit scores on Credit Karma doesn't hurt your credit. These credit score checks are known as soft inquiries, which don't affect your credit at all. Hard inquiries (also known as “hard pulls”) generally happen when a lender checks your credit while reviewing your application for a financial product. more
    Does PayPal Credit affect credit score?
    Your PayPal Credit account can affect your credit score by contributing to your payment history and credit utilization rate. It will also trigger a hard inquiry when you first apply. more
    What credit bureau uses your credit history to determine your credit score?
    By reviewing Experian credit reports, lenders can look at each borrower's actual credit history—every debt that person has owed for a decade or longer—and analyze how that person managed that debt. It is possible that FICO's algorithm can give an ideal borrower the same FICO score as someone who is a high credit risk. more
    Do credit cards build credit?
    Credit cards offer one of the best ways for you to build your credit and improve your credit scores by showing how you manage credit on a regular basis. If you want to build good credit, use credit cards regularly while making all your payments on time and using a small portion of your card's credit limit. more
    Do credit unions do credit checks?
    You also won't need to pass a credit check to get an account. This is because credit unions don't usually offer overdrafts. If you need to borrow money, you can apply to the credit union for a loan. They would look at your income, savings and past history before making a decision. more

    Source: www.scribbr.com

    You may be interested in...

    What are the three financial requirements?

    Is spring greens the same as collard greens?

    What is the price of Boo dog in India?

    What does LA stand for in states?

    Is the Swedish royal family French?

    Does Blackwolf exist?

    Can the Caspian tiger come back?

    Which apps make the most money?

    What is strips and dips in KFC?

    Does white radish cause gas?

    How long does an SR-22 last in Texas?

    What do you win for winning the Iditarod?

    What city has the most crime?

    What's the healthiest nut butter?

    Can fox and coyote breed?

    About Privacy Contact
    ©2022 REPOKIT