The Miyawaki forestation method is a unique way to create an urban forest and is pioneered by Japanese botanist Akira Miyawaki. With this method of plantation, an urban forest can grow within a short span of 20-30 years while a conventional forest takes around 200-300 years to grow naturally. In the Miyawaki technique, various native species of plants are planted close to each other so that the greens receive sunlight only from the top and grow upwards than sideways. As a result, the plantation becomes approximately 30 times denser, grows 10 times faster and becomes maintenance-free after a span of 3 years.

    Here are the basic steps to create an urban forest with the Miyawaki method. Ideally the selected site should have minimum dimensions of 4 by 3 metres and receive sunlight for at least 8 hours a day.

    In this method, several native species of plants are planted close to each other. Photo credit: Guido Mieth/ Getty Images

    Soil Preparation

    A combination of perforators, water retainers, fertilisers and microorganisms should be mixed with the existing soil. Perforator materials like biomass, rice husk, wheat husk, corn husk or chipped groundnut shells allow the plant roots to grow quickly. Water retainers like cocopeat or sugarcane stalk allow the soil to retain more moisture and water in comparison to the soil's natural water retention capacity. Organic fertilisers like manure or vermicompost nourish the soil.

    Purchase Native Species of Plants

    Make a list of native species of plants and segregate them into evergreen, deciduous or perennial plants. Also, the native trees of a region can be classified into four layers. The first is of shrubs that grow upto 6 feet, the second layer is of trees that grow upto 25 feet, the third of trees that grow upto 40 feet and the final layer is the canopy which grows above 40 feet. Visit a nursery and purchase saplings with a height ranging between 24 to 32 inches of as many native species for biodiversity.

    Design the Forest

    Create a random and dense plantation of native species of plants that grow in different layers. All the species of plants should be staggered and similar species of plants should not be planted together.

    Method of Plantation

    On an average there should be 3-5 saplings in one square metre. Do not follow a repetitive pattern while planting the saplings. Once the saplings are planted, a thick layer of mulch should be evenly laid on the soil to insulate the soil and prevent water from evaporating.

    Tie the Plants to a stick

    Tie the plants to support sticks with a jute string so that they do not stoop or bend in the initial months of plantation.

    Water and Monitor the Plantation

    Water the forest once a day and keep the forest free from weeds for the first 2 years. Do not use any chemicals like pesticides or inorganic fertilisers. Monitor the forest every 2 months to check the growth of all the plants and do not cut or prune the forest.

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    2. Mulch the ground around your mini-forests.
    3. Avoid using plastic sheeting or weed barrier fabrics under the mulch.
    4. Give trees top priority within your mini-forests.
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    Plant a few trees and add a few more every year. Be sure to remove enough turfgrass and weeds around each new tree so that its roots have ample room to grow. Two to three feet is best; you don't want your tree to have to compete with grass roots for water and nutrients. more
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    Fire removes low-growing underbrush, cleans the forest floor of debris, opens it up to sunlight, and nourishes the soil. Reducing this competition for nutrients allows established trees to grow stronger and healthier. History teaches us that hundreds of years ago forests had fewer, yet larger, healthier trees. more
    What plant part helps in asexual reproduction in a potato plant Class 7?
    Vegetative buds are normally present on the stems and branches of a plant (like that of a rose plant). Vegetative buds are also present on the modified, underground stems of plants (like potato plant). more
    What are the differences between reserved forest protected forest and UN classed forests?
    Protected Forests :- These are protected from any furthur depletion. Almost one -third of the total is the protected forested area. Bihar, Punjab, haryana, etc. have a bulk of it. Unclassed Forests :- These belong to both the individuals, and government and communities. more
    What is plant in property plant and equipment?
    Key Takeaways. Property, plant, and equipment (PP&E) are a company's physical or tangible long-term assets that typically have a life of more than one year. Examples of PP&E include buildings, machinery, land, office equipment, furniture, and vehicles. Companies list their net PP&E on their financial statements. more
    What is difference between protected forest and reserved forest?
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    What is the difference between reserved forests and protected forests? Reserved forests are open to the public whereas protected forests aren't. In reserved forests, activities like lumbering, grazing and hunting are allowed whereas in protected forests, all activities are banned. more
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    Source: www.architecturaldigest.in

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