Brown rice is a whole grain that’s often considered a health food.

    Unlike white rice, which only contains the starchy endosperm, brown rice retains the nutrient-rich germ and bran layers of the grain. The only part removed is the hard outer hull ( 1 ).

    Yet, while it’s higher in several nutrients than white rice, brown rice remains rich in carbs. As a result, you may wonder whether it’s safe for people with diabetes.

    This article tells you whether you can eat brown rice if you have diabetes.

    Brown rice is a healthy addition to a balanced diet, even if you have diabetes.

    Still, it’s important to monitor portion sizes and be aware of how this food affects blood sugar levels.

    General health benefits

    Brown rice has an impressive nutritional profile. It’s a good source of fiber, antioxidants, and several vitamins and minerals ( 1 , 2 ).

    Specifically, this whole grain is high in flavonoids — plant compounds with potent antioxidant effects . Eating flavonoid-rich foods is associated with a reduced risk of chronic illnesses, including heart disease, cancer, and Alzheimer’s disease ( 1 , 3 ).

    Growing evidence suggests that high fiber foods like brown rice are beneficial for digestive health and may reduce your risk of chronic disease. They may also boost fullness and aid weight loss ( 4 , 5 , 6 ).

    Nutritional benefits

    One cup (202 grams) of cooked long grain brown rice provides ( 2 ):

    • Calories: 248
    • Fat: 2 grams
    • Carbs: 52 grams
    • Fiber: 3 grams
    • Protein: 6 grams
    • Manganese: 86% of the Daily Value (DV)
    • Thiamine (B1): 30% of the DV
    • Niacin (B3): 32% of the DV
    • Pantothenic acid (B5): 15% of the DV
    • Pyridoxine (B6): 15% of the DV
    • Copper: 23% of the DV
    • Selenium: 21% of the DV
    • Magnesium: 19% of the DV
    • Phosphorus: 17% of the DV
    • Zinc: 13% of the DV

    As you can see, brown rice is an excellent source of magnesium . Just 1 cup (202 grams) provides nearly all your daily needs of this mineral, which aids bone development, muscle contractions, nerve functioning, wound healing, and even blood sugar regulation ( 2 , 7 , 8 ).

    Furthermore, brown rice is a good source of riboflavin, iron, potassium, and folate.

    Benefits for people with diabetes

    Thanks to its high fiber content, brown rice has been shown to significantly reduce post-meal blood sugar levels in people with excess weight, as well as those with type 2 diabetes ( 9 , 10 , 11 ).

    Overall blood sugar control is important for preventing or delaying the progression of diabetes ( 12 ).

    In a study in 16 adults with type 2 diabetes, eating 2 servings of brown rice resulted in a significant reduction in post-meal blood sugar and hemoglobin A1c (a marker of blood sugar control), compared with eating white rice ( 13 ).

    Meanwhile, an 8-week study in 28 adults with type 2 diabetes found that those eating brown rice at least 10 times per week had significant improvements in blood sugar levels and endothelial function — an important measurement of heart health ( 14 ).

    Brown rice may also help improve blood sugar control by aiding weight loss ( 11 ).

    In a 6-week study in 40 women with excess weight or obesity, eating 3/4 cup (150 grams) of brown rice per day resulted in significant reductions in weight, waist circumference, and body mass index (BMI), compared with white rice ( 15 ).

    Weight loss is important, as an observational study in 867 adults noted that those who lost 10% or more of their body weight within 5 years of receiving a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes were twice as likely to achieve remission within that period ( 16 ).

    May protect against type 2 diabetes

    In addition to its potential benefits for individuals with diabetes, brown rice may even reduce your risk of developing type 2 diabetes in the first place.

    A study in 197,228 adults linked eating at least 2 servings of brown rice per week to a significantly reduced risk of type 2 diabetes . Furthermore, swapping just 1/4 cup (50 grams) of white rice with brown was associated with a 16% lower risk of this condition ( 17 ).

    While the mechanism isn’t entirely understood, it’s thought that the higher fiber content of brown rice is at least partially responsible for this protective effect ( 18 , 19 ).

    Additionally, brown rice is higher in magnesium , which has also been linked to a lower risk of type 2 diabetes ( 20 , 21 , 22 ).

    summary

    Due to its fiber content, brown rice may improve blood sugar control, which is critical for people with diabetes. It may also lower your risk of developing type 2 diabetes to begin with.

    The glycemic index (GI) measures how much a food raises blood sugar levels and can be a useful tool for people with diabetes ( 23 ).

    Foods with a high GI raise blood sugar levels more than those with a medium or low GI. As such, eating more foods in the low and medium categories may aid blood sugar control ( 24 , 25 , 26 ).

    Where does brown rice fall?

    Boiled brown rice has a score of 68, categorizing it as a medium GI food.

    To put this in perspective, examples of other foods based on their GI score include (27):

    • High GI foods (score of 70 or more): white bread, corn flakes, instant oatmeal, white rice, rice crackers, white potatoes, watermelon
    • Medium GI foods (score of 56–69): couscous, muesli, pineapple, sweet potatoes, popcorn
    • Low GI foods (score of 55 or less): oatmeal (rolled or steel-cut), barley, lentils, beans, non-starchy vegetables , carrots, apples, dates

    In comparison, white rice’s score of 73 makes it a high GI food. Unlike brown rice, it’s lower in fiber and thus gets digested more quickly — resulting in a greater spike in blood sugar ( 17 , 28 ).

    People with diabetes are generally encouraged to limit their intake of high GI foods.

    To help reduce the overall GI of your meal, it’s important to eat brown rice alongside low GI foods, protein sources, and healthy fats.

    summary

    Brown rice has a medium GI score, making it more suitable than white rice — which has a high score — for people with diabetes.

    Managing your total carb intake is an important part of controlling your blood sugar levels. As a result, you should be mindful of how much brown rice you’re having at a meal.

    As there’s no recommendation for how many carbs you should eat , you should base your optimal intake on your blood sugar goals and your body’s response to carbs ( 29 , 30 ).

    For example, if your goal is 30 grams of carbs per meal, you’d want to limit your brown rice intake to 1/2 cup (100 grams), which contains 26 carbs. The rest of your meal could then be made up of low carb options like chicken breast and roasted vegetables ( 2 ).

    In addition to watching portion sizes , it’s important to remember that whole grains are just one part of a balanced diet. Try to incorporate other nutritious foods at each meal, including lean proteins, healthy fats, fruits, and low carb vegetables.

    Eating a varied, balanced diet — one that’s high in whole foods and limited in processed, refined products — not only provides more vitamins and minerals but also helps maintain stable blood sugar levels ( 31 , 32 ).

    In fact, a study in 229 adults with type 2 diabetes showed that those with higher diet quality had significantly better blood sugar control than those with poor diet quality ( 31 , 33 ).

    You may want to consult a healthcare professional to determine what a balanced diet looks like for you.

    summary

    Maintaining a balanced diet that’s high in whole foods and low in overly processed ones has been associated with improved blood sugar control in people with diabetes.

    Brown rice is a pantry staple that’s inexpensive and easy to cook.

    After rinsing the rice under cold running water, simply place 1 cup (180 grams) of dry rice in a pot and cover with 2 cups (475 ml) of water. You can add a small amount of olive oil and salt if desired.

    Bring it to a boil, cover, then reduce the heat to low. Simmer for 45–55 minutes or until most of the water has been absorbed. Remove from heat and let it rest for 10 minutes with the lid on.

    Before serving, use a fork to fluff the rice for better texture.

    Brown rice is a versatile ingredient that can be used in grain bowls, curries, salads , stir-fries, soups, and veggie burgers. It can also be combined with eggs and vegetables for a hearty breakfast or used in a low sugar rice pudding.

    Here are some diabetes-friendly recipes featuring this whole grain:

    • brown rice and pinto bean bowl with chicken and pico de gallo
    • Asian tofu stir-fry
    • turkey-kale rice bake
    • spring roll salad
    • Mediterranean unstuffed peppers
    • salmon with brown rice and vegetables
    • huevos rancheros with pinto beans, brown rice, and chicken sausage
    • brown rice pudding
    summary

    Brown rice is easy to cook and can be used in a variety of dishes, including stir-fries, grain bowls, and salads.

    Brown rice is perfectly safe to eat in moderation if you have diabetes.

    While it’s high in carbs , its fiber, antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals may improve blood sugar control, thereby helping manage diabetes.

    However, you should still watch your portion sizes and pair brown rice with other healthy foods, such as lean proteins or healthy fats , to help keep your blood sugar levels in check.

    With its nutty flavor and chewy texture, brown rice can be a nutritious addition to a well-rounded diet.

    How much brown rice should a diabetic eat?
    Brown rice also has fewer carbohydrates and calories than white rice. This can also help to lower the incidence of diabetes. According to the Harvard study led by Qi Sun, replacing 50 grams of white rice in your daily diet with 50 grams of brown rice gives you a 16% less risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. more
    Is brown rice better for diabetics?
    To help reduce the overall GI of your meal, it's important to eat brown rice alongside low GI foods, protein sources, and healthy fats. Brown rice has a medium GI score, making it more suitable than white rice — which has a high score — for people with diabetes. more
    Is white rice or brown rice better for diarrhea?
    Plain white rice is great, because it's starchy, which helps to bind your stool, Dr. Rosen says. But brown rice is a high-fiber food, which probably won't help your diarrhea get better, according to Mayo Clinic. more
    Is the brown rice at Chipotle really brown rice?
    Every morning in each of our restaurants, we make our cilantro-lime brown rice from scratch. We simmer the whole-grain rice with bay leaves to add savory flavors, then season it with lemon and lime juices and toss it with cilantro for a slightly tart, fresh taste. more
    Is white rice healthier than brown rice?
    The bottom line. Brown rice is generally more nutritious than white rice. It's higher in fiber, magnesium, and other nutrients, and it isn't artificially enriched with nutrients like white rice is. If you'd like to add rice to your diet but aren't sure if it's right for you, talk to your dietitian. more
    Is brown rice or white rice healthier?
    Brown rice is generally more nutritious than white rice. It's higher in fiber, magnesium, and other nutrients, and it isn't artificially enriched with nutrients like white rice is. If you'd like to add rice to your diet but aren't sure if it's right for you, talk to your dietitian. more
    Is purple rice healthier than brown rice?
    Purple rice has a similar number of calories to white or brown rice, but it contains more protein, iron, and antioxidants. more
    Is brown rice or black rice healthier?
    While not as common as other types of rice, black rice is the highest in antioxidant activity and contains more protein than brown rice. As such, eating it may offer several health benefits, including boosting eye and heart health, protecting against certain forms of cancer, and aiding weight loss. more
    Is brown rice better than pasta for diabetics?
    To help reduce the overall GI of your meal, it's important to eat brown rice alongside low GI foods, protein sources, and healthy fats. Brown rice has a medium GI score, making it more suitable than white rice — which has a high score — for people with diabetes. more
    Is basmati rice healthier than brown rice?
    Brown basmati rice is also comparable to other types of brown rice. While both white and brown versions of basmati rice provide vital nutrients, brown basmati rice contains more fiber, phosphorus, zinc, and B vitamins. more
    Is brown rice or potatoes better for diabetics?
    Brown rice has more protein and fiber and takes longer to digest which means less impact on your blood sugars. more

    Source: www.healthline.com

    You may be interested in...

    What does it mean if a girl keeps touching you?

    How long after being neutered should a dog wear a cone?

    How do I stop myself from pooping when I run?

    What happens expired eyeshadow?

    Can any car go 300 mph?

    Is Paris Hilton dog still alive?

    How much money did Tesla make with Bitcoin?

    How long does it take to see results from not eating sugar?

    What do you call someone that thinks they're always right?

    How do you calculate an invoice due?

    Has AAVE been hacked?

    Does CPT include insurance?

    What can I do about dog poop in my yard?

    Are CPAs in demand in USA?

    What is the leading cause of death in nursing homes?

    About Privacy Contact
    ©2022 REPOKIT