If you have pain, burning, numbness, or tingling in your toes, feet, or lower legs, you may have a condition called peripheral neuropathy . This condition is usually chronic and progressive and may be caused by a variety of problems. Peripheral neuropathy can be managed with a combination of self-care home treatments and medication. Making some lifestyle changes may also improve symptoms caused by peripheral neuropathy.

    This article takes a look at the causes of peripheral neuropathy and the various home remedies and lifestyle changes that may help you manage the nerve pain in your feet .

    Arman Zhenikeyev / Getty Images

    What Causes Nerve Pain in Feet?

    There are several different causes of nerve pain in your feet and toes. Some may be avoidable, and others happen with very little cause. Regardless of the cause, you should see your healthcare provider if you have any symptoms of pain, burning, or numbness and tingling in your lower extremities.

    Diabetes

    Diabetes is a condition in which your body's ability to manage your blood sugar is compromised. This usually occurs as a result of changes in your body's ability to make insulin . Management of diabetes involves frequent monitoring of your blood glucose levels and making adjustments to your diet. Getting injections of insulin or taking oral medications may be needed to keep your blood sugar at an appropriate level.

    Long-term and chronic diabetes may cause damage to the nerves in your lower extremities, leading to symptoms of peripheral neuropathy. This is called diabetic peripheral neuropathy .

    Small Fiber Neuropathy

    Small fiber neuropathy is a condition that affects the tiny nerve endings in your skin. The condition often occurs for no apparent reason, and it causes painful pricks, tingling, and altered sensations in the feet or hands. Typically, the symptoms start in your feet and then progress up your legs.

    Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease

    Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease is a genetic condition that causes nerve damage to the small nerves in your arms and legs. This results in pain, abnormal sensations, and weakness in the muscles that these nerves serve. There is no cure for Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease. Management involves remaining active and trying home remedies for nerve-related symptoms.

    Heavy Alcohol Use

    Alcoholic neuropathy occurs when someone consumes excessive amounts of alcohol over a long period of time.

    Alcohol consumption alters the absorption of various vitamins and nutrients in the body. Some of these nutrients, like thiamin, folate, and vitamins B6 and B12, are essential for normal nerve conduction to occur. Altering the absorption of these nutrients may cause peripheral neuropathy.

    Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

    Tarsal tunnel syndrome occurs when a nerve in your inner ankle and foot becomes pinched. This can occur with adult acquired flat foot syndrome and causes pain or tingling in your foot and toes. Adult acquired flat foot syndrome is characterized as feet that become flat over time due to age and/or injury.

    Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS)

    Complex regional pain syndrome , formerly called reflex sympathetic dystrophy (RSD), is a mysterious nerve condition that causes pain and abnormal swelling of the limbs. This typically occurs after an injury or surgery to the affected limb.

    The pain, redness, and swelling that accompany CRPS are typically much greater than the injury or surgery that initiated it. Treatment involves a multifaceted approach, including physical therapy, pain management, and self-care strategies to manage the pain.

    Chemotherapy

    If you have cancer, you may have to go through a course of chemotherapy as treatment. The medication used during chemotherapy may have a deleterious effect on your nerves, and if nerves in your lower extremities or feet become damaged, peripheral neuropathy may develop.

    Injuries

    Some injuries to the lower extremities or low back may cause damage to the surrounding nerves. While some peripheral nerves are able to slowly heal, occasionally a nerve becomes irreparably damaged, leading to chronic long-term neuropathy.

    Injuries affecting the nerves in your legs can include spinal problems like a herniated disk , spinal stenosis , or a lower extremity fracture .

    Home Remedies for Nerve Pain in Feet

    If you have nerve pain in your feet or peripheral neuropathy, follow your healthcare provider's advice to get proper treatment. There are several home remedies that may offer you some relief. Keep in mind that not all treatments work for everyone, so you may have to try a few of them.

    Medical Management

    If you have a medical condition that is causing your nerve pain, managing that condition can help ease foot pain. There are many things you can do on your own to manage the pain and burning caused by peripheral neuropathy, including:

    • Manage diabetes and blood sugar levels: If you have diabetic neuropathy, you'll need to manage your blood sugar levels to keep your nerves functioning properly and prevent further problems with neuropathy.
    • Exercise: Exercising regularly can help your body naturally manage blood sugar levels and, regulating your diabetes. Regulating diabetes may improve your symptoms of nerve pain in your feet.
    • Quit smoking: Smoking cigarettes or using other tobacco products can affect circulation. This increases your risk of foot problems and other complications of peripheral neuropathy.

    Foot Care

    Taking care of your feet is one of the best things you can do if you have nerve pain in your legs and feet. Ensuring the skin, bones, and joints in your feet are healthy can keep your nerves feeling and operating well. Consider trying the following:

    • Neuropathy socks : These are specialized socks that feature seamless construction, moisture-wicking material, nonbinding elastic, and soft materials. They may help reduce the pain associated with diabetic foot neuropathy.
    • Foot soaks: Soaking your feet, either in a specialized foot bath or your bathtub, may provide some much-needed self-care for your feet. Soaks with oils like peppermint or chamomile or Epsom salts have been shown to decrease pain in people with neuropathy.

    Beware of Heat

    Test the temperature to be sure the water for your foot soak is not so hot that it burns your skin. Because you may lack sensation in your feet, you may not realize how how the water is when you submerge your feet.

    Self-Care

    General health and well-being practices can help improve symptoms of peripheral neuropathy, as well as reduce your stress level. Some self-care activities include:

    • Practice good sleep hygiene : If you're not sleeping well, then your body does not have a chance to rest and heal properly from the stresses of the previous day. Sleep hygiene—the process of prepping your body for a good night's sleep—is an important component of managing nerve pain. This may involve avoiding caffeine, shutting off the television or computer screens, and dimming the lights prior to bedtime.
    • Avoid alcohol: Alcohol can have a damaging effect on nerve health, so avoiding it may be one way to prevent some symptoms of peripheral neuropathy in your feet.
    • Essential oil massage: Essential oils may be used to quell the pain of neuropathy in your feet. Common oils include chamomile, peppermint, Saint-John's-wort, and ginger. Research regarding essential oils for nerve pain shows varying results, but it's worth trying if you aren't sensitive to essential oils.
    • Try alternative therapy, such as biofeedback , meditation, or guided imagery: Alternative therapies that can shift your focus away from nerve pain to calming thoughts may help you manage your symptoms. Mindful meditation or guided imagery with a psychologist may be helpful.
    • Check your feet daily: You or a loved one should check the bottom of your feet daily. With neuropathy, you may not be able to feel a callus, wound/ulcer, infection, or foreign body. By taking a quick look once or twice a day, you may prevent hospitalizations, loss of limb/amputations, and more. If you have an issue, immediately seek medical care from a podiatrist or other qualified healthcare provider.

    Supplements and Topicals

    Some people benefit from taking supplements or using topical creams to find relief from nerve pain in their feet. Common supplements include:

    • Turmeric : Turmeric is a spice that contains the compound curcumin, which has been shown to reduce inflammation and swelling. There is some evidence that taking turmeric can help reduce neuropathic pain, but research is limited.
    • Topicals with capsaicin or lidocaine: Topical creams containing capsaicin or lidocaine have been shown to decrease the symptoms of neuropathy. These tend to be more effective when combined with oral pain medications. Use gloves or thoroughly wash your hands after applying these topicals and be careful to not get them into your eyes, nose, mouth, an open wound, or on your genitals.
    • Fish oil: While fish oil supplements have been shown to improve cardiovascular health , little is known about their effect on nerve pain. Some research indicates that fish oil may reduce pain in diabetic peripheral neuropathy.
    • Ginger: Supplementation with ginger has been shown to be effective in reducing inflammation in people with osteoarthritis, neuropathy, and generalized pain.

    Talk to Your Healthcare Provider About Supplements

    Always talk to your healthcare provider before adding a supplement to your care routine. It's important to make sure the supplement is safe for you and won't negatively interact with any other medications or supplements you're already taking.

    Summary

    Effectively managing nerve pain in your feet involves working with your healthcare provider to find the right medicine for your condition. Performing self-care (managing your blood sugar levels, exercising, not smoking) and using some simple home remedies can also help you find relief. Most cases of peripheral neuropathy can be managed well with a combination of traditional medical care and home remedies.

    A Word From Verywell

    If you have nerve pain in your feet or lower extremities, then you understand how your symptoms can affect your day to day activities. Effectively managing your pain with home remedies may be a part of a broad treatment strategy for your peripheral neuropathy. By working closely with your healthcare provider, you will work to find the best treatment for your condition, getting you back to your normal activities with minimal nerve pain in your feet.

    Frequently Asked Questions

    • What is the best foot soak for neuropathy?

      The simplest foot soak is done by placing warm water in a tub with 1 tablespoon of Epsom salt. This can relax your foot muscles, improve circulation, and decrease nerve pain.

    • How do you sleep with nerve pain in your foot?

      If nerve pain in your feet prevents you from sleeping well, practice good sleep hygiene by following a schedule when preparing to go to bed. Limit screen exposure, avoid caffeine, and dim lights prior to bedtime. Visit your healthcare provider to discuss ways to effectively fall to sleep and remain asleep.

    What are some home remedies for foot neuropathy?
    Walk it off. Exercise releases natural painkillers called endorphins. Exercise also promotes blood flow to the nerves in the legs and feet. Researchers believe that regular exercise may create a long-lasting expansion in blood vessels in the feet, nourishing damaged nerves back to health. more
    How much is a new furnace for a 1500 square foot home?
    between $2,990 and $4,360 The average cost to replace a gas furnace in a 1500-square-foot house is between $2,990 and $4,360. For a standard-efficiency gas furnace, a 60,000-80,000 BTU model is the best choice. more
    Can a nursing home take your home in Florida?
    One of the biggest concerns is often, “Will the nursing home take my house?” The short answer is no. A nursing home does not take houses. However, there are circumstances where selling the house may be the only way to get the funds to pay for the care that is needed. more
    How much does it cost to build a 2500 square foot home?
    Cost By Size Size Average Cost Range 1,200 sq. ft. $120,000 – $240,000 1,500 sq. ft. $150,000 – $300,000 2,000 sq. ft. $200,000 – $400,000 2,500 sq. ft. $250,000 – $500,000 more
    How big is a 2000 square foot home?
    Expect a 2,000 square feet home to contain three large or four average-sized bedrooms with a kitchen, living room, dining room, walk-in closets, and at least two bathrooms. more
    Can I take home loan on my existing home?
    A Top-up Home Loan can be availed by existing customers of the bank or by way of balance transfer of your loan from another bank. Since the bank already knows your financial and personal details, the loan is simple to apply for, hassle-free involves minimal documentation, and is processed quickly. more
    Can we take home loan on existing home?
    A Top-up Home Loan can be availed by existing customers of the bank or by way of balance transfer of your loan from another bank. Since the bank already knows your financial and personal details, the loan is simple to apply for, hassle-free involves minimal documentation, and is processed quickly. more
    How much does it cost to build a 1000 square foot home in California?
    You can expect to pay around $5,000 per 1,000 square feet of home completed. But this will depend on the number of bathrooms, appliances, and any other water or sewage-running pipes you need. more
    Is care at home cheaper than a care home?
    Home care is more cost-effective Contrary to popular belief, home care is typically cheaper than going into a residential care home or nursing home. In addition, if you are living in your own home, its value will not be included in means-test asset calculations which decide if you qualify for public funding. more
    Which command is used to return to the current user's home directory Assuming the current working directory is tmp and their home directory is home user?
    To change directories, use the cd command. This command by itself will always return you to your home directory; moving to any other directory requires a pathname.Table 11-1. cd Options. more
    What is a home who lives in a home?
    A home is where loving members of a family live together. Question 3. Who lives in a home? Answer: Brothers, sisters, mother and father they all live together at home. more

    Source: www.verywellhealth.com

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