The seder plate holds ritual foods used throughout the Passover   seder seder סֵדֶר "Order;" ritual dinner that includes the retelling of the story of the Israelite's Exodus from Egypt; plural: sederim. . Each item on a seder plate is a symbol of the Exodus story and helps participants at the seder retell the story each year. These items are:

    1. Beitzah Beitzah בֵּיצָה Literally, “egg.” It is an item on the Passover seder plate that represents the Passover sacrifice from biblical times. And, it symbolizes the spring season. : The roasted egg is symbolic of the festival sacrifice made in biblical times. It is also a symbol of spring, the season in which Passover is always celebrated.   
    2. Maror maror מָרוֹר "Bitter;" the bitter herb or vegetable (i.e., horseradish) eaten during the seder to symbolize the bitter plight of the enslaved Israelites. : Bitter herbs (usually horseradish) symbolize the bitterness of Egyptian slavery. The maror is often dipped in charoset to reduce its sharpness. Maror is used in the seder because of the commandment (in Numbers 9:11) to eat the paschal lamb "with unleavened bread and bitter herbs."   
    3. Chazeret Chazeret חֲזֶרֶת Another vegetable, often romaine lettuce, that appears on the Passover seder plate. Chazeret is used in addition to maror as a bitter herb. : Lettuce is often used in addition to the maror as a bitter herb. The authorities are divided on the requirement of chazeret, so not all communities use it. Since the commandment (in Numbers 9:11) to eat the paschal lamb "with unleavened bread and bitter herbs" uses the plural ("bitter herbs") most seder plates have a place for chazeret.   
    4. Zeroa: The shank bone is symbolic of the Paschal lamb offered as the Passover sacrifice in biblical times. Some communities use a chicken neck as a substitute. Vegetarian households may use beets.   
    5. Charoset charoset חֲרֹסֶת A mixture of fruits, nuts, spices and wine eaten as part of the Passover seder. Its color and consistency reminds us of the bricks and mortar used by the Israelite slaves. : This mixture (often apple, nuts, and spices ground together and mixed with wine) are symbolic of the mortar used by Hebrew slaves to build Egyptian structures. There are several variations in the recipe for charoset ; the Mishnah Mishnah מִשְׁנָה Literally “repetition.” Mishnah is a Jewish legal code edited by Rabbi Judah HaNasi in Palestine in 220 C.E. It is the first Jewish legal literature after the codification of the Hebrew scriptures around 90 C.E. Also called “Torah Shebal Peh,” “Oral Torah” or “Oral Law.” describes a mixture of fruits, nuts, and vinegar.   
    6. Karpas karpas כַּרְפַּס A green herb or vegetable (parsley, celery, watercress) used as part of the Passover seder to symbolize spring and rebirth. : Parsley is dipped into saltwater during the seder. The saltwater serves as a reminder of the tears shed during Egyptian slavery; the dipping of a vegetable as an appetizer is said to reflect the influence of Greek culture.   
    7. Optional social justice additionsPassover offers a variety of opportunities to infuse our holiday celebrations with social justice themes, including a number of modern additions to consider adding to your seder plate. See  "8 Modern Additions to the Seder Plate" to learn more. 

    Tradition does not dictate the shape or size of the seder plate. Many families purchase one of the beautifully artistic seder plates made in Israel, but it may be round or square, plain or ornate.

    Learn more about the items that go on the seder plate , and check out these vegetarian/vegan alternatives . 

    What are the 6 things on a seder plate?
    The six traditional items on the Seder Plate are as follows:
    • Maror and Chazeret.
    • Charoset.
    • Karpas.
    • Zeroah.
    • Beitzah.
    • Three Matzot.
    • Salt water.
    more
    What is in the seder plate?
    There are at least five foods that go on the seder plate: shank bone (zeroa), egg (beitzah), bitter herbs (maror), vegetable (karpas) and a sweet paste called haroset. Many seder plates also have room for a sixth, hazeret (another form of the bitter herbs). more
    Why is there a shank bone on the Seder plate?
    This is the seder plate, and each food is symbolic for an aspect of Passover: A roasted shank bone represents the Pescah sacrifice, an egg represents spring and the circle of life, bitter herbs represent the bitterness of slavery, haroset (an applesauce-like mixture with wine, nuts, apples, etc.) more
    Why is there lettuce on the seder plate?
    4. Chazeret. A second bitter item, which is sometimes left off the Seder plate entirely, romaine lettuce symbolizes the fact that the Jewish stay in Egypt began soft and ended hard and bitter (look at the two ends of a piece of lettuce). more
    Does lettuce go on Seder plate?
    The chazeret is is the second portion of bitter herbs eaten during the Seder, the F&W staff has debated its value fiercely. However, we all agreed that that romaine lettuce, the usual chazeret stand-in, is tremendously boring. Instead, opt for collards or mustard greens. more
    Why are there 2 bitter herbs on the seder plate?
    The different items Maror and Chazeret – traditionally, two types of bitter herbs are placed on the plate to remind seder participants of the bitterness of slavery in Egypt. Usually the specific vegetable used for maror is romaine lettuce, which is not bitter when first tasted, but becomes progressively so afterwards. more
    What is the bitter herb on the seder plate?
    Maror Maror (Bitter Herbs/Horseradish) The maror (aka horseradish) is the spiciest component of the Seder table and symbolizes the harsh suffering and bitter times Jews endured when they were slaves in Egypt. more
    What are the 7 ingredients on a Seder plate?
    There are at least five foods that go on the seder plate: shank bone (zeroa), egg (beitzah), bitter herbs (maror), vegetable (karpas) and a sweet paste called haroset. Many seder plates also have room for a sixth, hazeret (another form of the bitter herbs). more
    What is seder plate?
    There are at least five foods that go on the seder plate: shank bone (zeroa), egg (beitzah), bitter herbs (maror), vegetable (karpas) and a sweet paste called haroset. Many seder plates also have room for a sixth, hazeret (another form of the bitter herbs). more
    Why put an orange on the Seder plate?
    The symbolism grew to include people who feel marginalized from the Jewish community: the widow, the orphan, women's issues in general, but solidarity with the gay and lesbian Jewish community was at the core. It wasn't a navel orange; it had to have seeds to symbolize rebirth, renewal. more
    What are the 6 items on a seder plate in English?
    There are at least five foods that go on the seder plate: shank bone (zeroa), egg (beitzah), bitter herbs (maror), vegetable (karpas) and a sweet paste called haroset. Many seder plates also have room for a sixth, hazeret (another form of the bitter herbs). more

    Source: reformjudaism.org

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