Class 12 Geography Chapter 11 Population Structure of India The answer to each chapter is provided in the list so that you can easily browse throughout different chapters SCERT Class 12 Geography Chapter 11 Population Structure of India and select need one.

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    Also, you can read the SCERT book online in these sections Solutions by Expert Teachers as per SCERT ( CBSE ) Book guidelines. These solutions are part of SCERT  All Subject Solutions . Here we have given Assam Board/NCERT Class 12 Geography Chapter 11 Population Structure of India Solutions for All Subject, You can practice these here…

    Population Structure of India

    Chapter: 11

    PART-2

    GEOGRAPHY

    TEXTUAL QUESTION & ANSWER

    Q.1. The percentage figure of India’s geographical area of the world is

    (a) 2.2%

    (b) 4.31%

    (c) 16%

    (d) 22%

    Ans :-  (a) 2.2%

    Q.2. The total population of India as per 2001 Census is 

    (a) 1027 million

    (b) 201 million

    (c) 7201 million 

    (d) 127 million

    Ans :-  (a) 1027 million.

    Q.3. Which one of the following Indian states has the highest density of population?

    (a) Assam

    (b) West Bengal

    (c) Punjab

    (d) Kerala

    Ans :-  (b) West Bengal

    Q.4. Which one of the following states records the highest proportion of urban population?

    (a) Arunachal Pradesh 

    (b) Bihar

    (c) Maharashtra

    (d) Gujarat

    Ans :- (c) Maharashtra

    Q.5. Which one of the following is the largest linguistic group of India?

    (a) Austric

    (b) Indo-Aryan

    (c) Sino-Tibetan

    (d) Dravidian” r

    Ans :- Indo-Aryan

    VERY SHORT TYPE QUESTION & ANSWER

    Q.6. Name two states of India, which have more than 30 districts.

    Ans :-  Maharashtra and Bihar.

    Q.7. Name two states of India experiencing very wet climates. 

    Ans :-  Meghalaya and Sikkim.

    Q.8. Name two very cold regions of India.

    Ans :-  Kashmir and Tawang.

    Q.9. Name the two union territories, which have geographical area more than 1000 square kilometers. 

    Ans :-  Delhi and Goa.

    Q.10. Name the two union territories, which have geographical areas less than 200 square kilometers.

    Ans :- Chandigarh and Daman and Dice.

    Q.11. Why could India have not emerged as a strong economic power? 

    Ans :-  India has not emerged as a strong economic power because of its increased population growth rate.

    Q.12. How is India a land of villages? What are its implications? 

    Ans :-  India is a land of villages because over 72.2% of the population lives in more than 58% lakh villages of different sizes.It is a gigantic task to provide social services and amenities to all these village settlements.

    SHORT TYPE QUESTION & ANSWER : (MARKS -3)

    Q.13. Give a note on the population growth in India. 

    Ans :-  Growth of population is the change in the number of people living in a particular area between two points of time. Its rate is expressed in percentage. It has two components, namely natural and induced. The growth of population in India is both very high and steadily increasing overtime. The annual growth rate of the country’s population is 2.4 percent. At this current rate of increase it is estimated that the country’s population will double itself in another 36 years and even surpass the population of China. The growth rate of population in India over the last one century has been caused by annual birth rate and death rate and rate of migration and thereby shows different trends. There are four distinct phases of growth identified within this period.

    Phase – I : The period from 1901- 1921, is referred to as a period of stagnant or stationary phase of growth of India’s population, since in this period growth rate was very low even recording a negative growth rate during 1911-1921.

    Phase – II : The decades 1921-1951, are referred to as the period of steady population growth

    Phase – III : The decades 1921-1951, are referred to as the period of population explosion in India.

    Phase – IV : In the post 1981 till present the growth rate of the country’s population though remained high, has started slowing down gradually.

    Q.14. Discuss in short the working population of India.

    Ans :- It is observed that in India, the proportion of workers (both main and marginal) is only 39 percent (2001) leaving a vast majority of 61 percent as non-workers. This indicates an economic status in which there is a larger proportion of dependent population, further indicating possible existence of a large number of unemployed or underemployed people.

    The proportion of working population of the states and Union Territories show a moderate variation from about 25 percent in Goa to about 53 percent in Mizoram.

    About 58.2 percent of total working population are cultivators and agricultural labourers, whereas only 4.2% of workers are engaged in household industries and 37.6% are other workers including non-household industries, trade, commerce, construction and repair and other services.

    Q.15. Give a note on the population density pattern in India. 

    Ans :- Density of population is expressed as man-land ratio or number of persons per unit area. It helps in getting a better understanding of the spatial distribution of population in relation to land. Density of population in India (2001, census) is 324 persons per sq. km. There has been a steady increase of about 200 persons per sq. km over the last 50 years as the density of population increased from 117 person / sq. km in 1951 to 324 persons / sq. km in 200%.

    Q.16. Give a brief note on the population growth pattern of India. 

    Ans :- Growth of population is the change in the number of people living in a particular area between two points of time. Its rate is expressed in percentage. It has two components, namely natural and induced. The growth of population in India is both very high and steadily increasing overtime. The annual growth rate of the country’s population is 2.4 percent. At this current rate of increase it is estimated that the country’s population will double itself in another 36 years and even surpass the population of China. The growth rate of population in India over the last one century has been caused by annual birth rate and death rate and rate of migration and thereby shows different trends. There are four distinct phases of growth identified within this period.

    Phase – I : The period from 1901- 1921, is referred to as a period of stagnant or stationary phase of growth of India’s population, since in this period growth rate was very low even recording a negative growth rate during 1911-1921.

    Phase – II : The decades 1921-1951, are referred to as the period of steady population growth

    Phase – III : The decades 1921-1951, are referred to as the period of population explosion in India.

    Phase – IV : In the post 1981 till present the growth rate of the country’s population though remained high, has started slowing down gradually.

    Q.17. Give an account of state wise proportion of workers. 

    Ans :- State-wise proportion of workers :

    (i) Proportion of workers is about 25% in Goa.

    (ii) It is 53% in Mizoram.

    (iii) The states with larger percentages of workers are Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Chattisgarh. Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur and Meghalaya. 

    (iv) Among the Union Territories, Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Woman and Diu have higher participation rates.

    The work participation rate tends to be higher in the areas of lower levels of economic development since a number of manual workers are needed to perform the subsidence or near subsistence economic activities. 

    (IV) About 58.2% of the total working population are cultivators and agricultural labourers.

    Q.18. Give a note on the urban-rural differences. 

    Ans :- It may be noted that contrary to rural population, the proportion of urban population (27.8%) in India is quite low but its showing a much faster rate of growth over the decades. In fact since 1931, the growth rate of urban population has accelerated due to enhanced economic development and improvement in health and hygienic conditions. People from rural areas migrate to urban areas in large numbers. Hence growth has always been lower in rural areas as compared to urban areas.

    See Next Page No Below…

    Hi, I’m Dev Kirtonia, Part-Time Blogger, Web Designer & Digital Marketer. Founder of Dev Library. A website that provides all SCERT, NCERT, and BA, B.com, B.Sc with Post Graduate Notes & Suggestions, Novel, eBooks, Biography, Study Materials, and more.

    Pages: 1 2

    What are the reason for the high population growth in India Class 12 geography?
    This phase is known as the steady phase of India's population growth because of the following reasons: High birth rate and declining mortality rate. Improvement in medical, sanitation facilities and health services. The crude birth rate remained high in this period. more
    What was the recent report of India's parliament committee on India's forest Class 11?
    What was the recent report of India's parliament committee on India's forest? Ans: According to a recent report, the loss rate of forests in India is nearly 4 million acres per year. However, the actual rate could vary up to more than 8 times than the actual rate. more
    During which period India entered into the fourth phase of high population growth?
    Phase IV : In the post-1981 till present, the growth rate of country's population though remained high, has started slowing down gradually. more
    What do you understand by population growth explain the reason for overpopulation in India what steps can be taken to control population growth?
    The two main causes leading to over population in India are:
    1. The birth rate is still higher than the death rate.
    2. The fertility rate due to the population policies and other measures has been falling but even then it is much higher compared to other countries.
    more
    What is the main cause of the rapid population growth in India Class 9?
    The main cause of the rate of growth of the Indian population has been the rapid decline in death rates. Till 1980, high birth rates and declining death rates led to a large difference between birth rates and death rates resulting in higher rates of population growth. more
    What are the causes of rapid growth of population in India Class 12?
    1 Answer
    • High Birth Rate – High birth rate is the dominate factor in rapid growth of population in India.
    • Causes for high birth rate : There are several causes for high birth.
    • rate in India.
    • Low Birth rate: Death rate was very high (42.6) in 1901, but it was sharply declined to 6.4 per thousand persons) in 2011.
    more
    Why the population growth is high in the developing countries Class 9?
    This is due to a lack of pensions and due to the lack of availability and knowledge of contraception and family planning. As birth rates are so much higher than death rates there is rapid population growth in developing countries. more
    How is regular growth of population a major cause of poverty in India explain Class 9?
    Answer: High population growth rate increases the rate of depletion of resources. Due to this, pressure on resources increases. More people will be able to avail of a smaller share of resources, thus bringing more people below the poverty line. more
    What is the main cause of rapid population growth in India Class 9?
    The main cause of the rate of growth of the Indian population has been the rapid decline in death rates. Till 1980, high birth rates and declining death rates led to a large difference between birth rates and death rates resulting in higher rates of population growth. more
    What is the annual growth rate of population in India Class 12?
    Rate of increase of 2 % per annum means that in a given year there was an increase of two persons for every 100 persons in the base population. This is referred as annual growth rate. India's population has been steadily increasing from 361 million in 1951 to 1028 million in 2001. more
    What are the reason for the high population growth in India Class 12?
    This phase is known as the steady phase of India's population growth because of the following reasons: High birth rate and declining mortality rate. Improvement in medical, sanitation facilities and health services. The crude birth rate remained high in this period. more

    Source: devlibrary.in

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