February 18, 2010 by Defensive Driving | in Defensive Driving Tips

    Feeling your car suddenly skid out of control on an icy road can be a terrifying experience. Unfortunately, most of our instinctive reactions to such a situation, like braking suddenly, turning the wheel in the opposite direction, or staring at the target we’re about to hit, are not only ineffective, but can actually make the skid worse! A skid occurs when there isn’t enough friction between tire and road. This can happen when driving in wet or icy conditions, stopping suddenly, or entering a turn at a high speed.

    A few tips for preventing skids: 1. Make sure your tires have adequate treads. Tires are made with a “wear bar”in the treads; if the level of the tire reaches that of the “wear bar”, it’s time to get new tires. You can also check your tires by inserting a penny into the tread upside-down. Lincoln’s head should be at least partially covered. 2. Drive slowly in wet, icy, or snowy conditions. 3. Keep an appropriate distance between you and the car ahead of you. A general rule of thumb is four car lengths for every ten mph. If you are travelling 40 mph, keep 16 car lengths between cars. This way, you’ll have plenty of time to react if the driver in front of you stops ; trying to stop too suddenly can cause a skid. 4. Slow down before entering a curve or bend. Taking a curve too quickly or braking suddenly while going around a bend can cause skids.

    There are two different kinds of skids: front wheel skids and rear wheel skids. We’ll discuss how to deal with these in turn. First, however, in dealing with any kind of skid, keep two basic principles in mind.

    First, don’t panic! You need to keep your head clear when you go into a skid, because your “instinctive” reactions are likely to do more harm than good. Second, keep your eyes focused on a target in the distance. Choose a point further down the road, in the direction you are headed, and stay focused on this object. With this target in view, you’ll be better able to redirect your car so that it is once again traveling in the right direction. Now, on to different types of skids.

    FRONT WHEEL SKID A four-wheel skid occurs when the entire car starts drifting in a direction other than the driver’s intended course. This type of skid tends to occur when a driver enters a curve too quickly. If your car enters a front-wheel skid, ease off the accelerator. If you are driving a car with manual transmission, depress the clutch. With your eyes focused on your “target”, try to steer the car back on course. If you don’t regain control of the car within 2-3 seconds, THEN depress the brake lightly. If your car doesn’t have anti-lock (ABS) brakes, pump the brakes lightly. Braking will help to transfer power to the front of the car; braking too suddenly, however, can cause the wheels to lock, which will make the skid worse.

    REAR WHEEL SKID A rear will skid occurs when the back end of the car slides out to the right or left; this is also known as “fishtailing. At some point, at least one person has probably toward you to “turn into the skid.” He or she was talking about what to do if your car fishtails. However, this advice can be misleading. Say that the back end of your car suddenly slides out to the right; you don’t want to turn your wheel sharply to the right as well, especially if you are traveling at a high speed. You want to turn to the right JUST ENOUGH to straighten out the car, i.e. bring the front wheels back in line with the rear wheels. This is why focusing on a target is helpful: it prevents you from “over-correcting.” As you turn, slowly ease off the accelerator. Avoid the temptation to brake suddenly.

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    What do you do when your vehicle starts to skid do not brake take your foot off the gas pedal steer the vehicle in the direction you want to go?
    An acceleration skid usually happens when the drive wheels lose traction on the road surface. To maintain control of a skidding vehicle, do not apply the brakes. Ease off the accelerator (gas) pedal and straighten the front wheels as the vehicle begins to straighten itself out. more
    Why is it called skid steer?
    The wheels on a skid steer typically have no steering mechanism, they are in a fixed, straight line relative to the body of the machine. By turning the left and right wheel pairs at different speeds, the machine turns by skidding, or dragging its wheels across the ground. more
    Can a skid steer clear land?
    Here are the benefits to skid steer land clearing: Skid steers are perfect for heavy-duty land clearing. They can get through dense brush and piles of logs. Skid steer bulldozers make quick work of the most challenging construction projects. Skid steer tractors can pull out boulders from the ground. more
    Who makes the fastest skid steer?
    The Bobcat T110, with the new Selectable Joystick Control option, now offers a top speed of 13.5 km/h, making it the fastest compact tracked loader in this class on the market, the company claims. more
    Do Teslas have a brake pedal?
    The Model 3 has full one-pedal driving due to regenerative braking. Simply put, regenerative braking means that when you let off the throttle, the car automatically starts slowing by using the electric motor in reverse, which also serves to send energy back to the battery. more
    Is a Dingo a skid steer?
    The Toro Dingo skid steer can use skid steer loader attachments. Exclusive traction control design is intuitive, easy to operate, and effortless. more
    Who makes Caterpillar skid steer?
    Cat Sources Skid Steer, Excavator Engines from Kubota It is the first supply agreement between Caterpillar and Kubota. Kubota is building the C3. 8 engines to Cat specifications, and the engines will be serviced, supported and warranted by Cat and its dealer network. more
    Can I start a business with a skid steer?
    What could be better than running your own heavy equipment and getting paid directly for your hard work? One path for getting started in the grading and excavation business is to start off by building your own skid steer service and working jobs in residential construction, commercial construction, and landscaping. more
    What is the toughest skid steer?
    Vertical-lift linkage on Gehl's 7810E skid-steer provides consistent forward reach throughout the lift cycle and more dump reach (38.2 inches) at maximum height than any other skid-steer. more
    What's the smallest skid steer?
    S70 S70 Overview The smallest loader in the Bobcat lineup, the agile Bobcat® S70 skid-steer loader is just 6-feet tall and 3-feet wide – the ideal size for passing through narrow doorways, side yards, gates and other tight spaces. more
    Can a mini skid steer dig?
    Admittedly, a mini skid steer and a compact skid steer can do essentially the same tasks. They can both dig a hole and move dirt, and they can both auger and trench. more

    Source: www.defensivedriving.com

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