What are soft-tissue injuries?

    Many activities can lead to soft-tissue damage of muscles, ligaments, and tendons. The result can be pain, swelling, bruising, and damage. Soft-tissue injuries are classified as the following:

    • Contusions (bruises)

    • Sprains

    • Tendonitis

    • Bursitis

    • Stress injuries

    • Strains

    Athletes and nonathletes share many similar soft-tissue injuries.

    What is a contusion?

    A contusion (bruise) is an injury to the soft tissue often produced by a blunt force, such as a kick, fall, or blow. The result will be pain, swelling, and discoloration because of bleeding into the tissue. Treatment for contusions includes rest, ice, compression, and elevation (R.I.C.E.). More serious contusions may need to be examined by a doctor.

    What is a sprain?

    A sprain is a partial tear to a ligament and is often caused by a wrench or twist. Sprains often affect the ankles, knees, or wrists. The treatment for a sprain includes rest, ice, compression, and elevation (R.I.C.E.). If the ligament is completely torn, surgical repair may be necessary.

    Ankle Sprain

    Ligaments are fibrous, elastic bands of tissue that connect and stabilize the bones. An ankle sprain is a common, painful injury that occurs when one or more of the ankle ligaments is stretched beyond the normal range of motion. Sprains can occur as a result of sudden twisting, turning or rolling movements.

    Muscle Strain Injuries of the Hip

    What is tendonitis?

    Tendonitis is inflammation of the tendon, a flexible band of tissue that connects muscle to bones. Tendonitis is often due to an overuse injury in the affected area from repetitive motion. Areas commonly affected include the elbow, hand, wrist, shoulder, hip, knee, ankle, and foot. Often the tendonitis is named for the sport or movement that triggers the inflammation, such as tennis or golfer's elbow, swimmer's shoulder, and jumper's knee.

    Treatment involves healing the inflamed area with rest, compression, elevation, and anti-inflammatory medicine. Ice may be used in the acute phase of injury. Stretching and strengthening exercises can gradually be added to help avoid further injury. Steroid injections may be used for some types of tendonitis if chronic pain persists. If a tendon is completely torn, surgery may be required.

    What is bursitis?

    Bursitis is the inflammation of the bursa, a fluid-filled sac that provides a cushion between bones and muscles or tendons. Like tendonitis, bursitis is often caused by overuse injury, but can also be caused by direct trauma to a joint. Bursitis commonly affects the shoulder, elbow, knee, hip, ankle, and foot.

    Treatment involves rest, compression, elevation, and anti-inflammatory medicine. Ice may be used in the acute phase of injury to reduce swelling. Injections may be needed if pain and swelling persist. If the bursitis is caused by an infection, your doctor may prescribe antibiotics.

    What is a stress fracture?

    A stress fracture is a small crack in a bone, commonly occurring in the weight-bearing bones of the lower extremities, including legs, hips, and feet. Stress fractures are most often caused by overuse and increase in physical activity. Initial treatment includes stopping the activity that caused the fracture, elevation, ice, and anti-inflammatory medicine. Continued treatment includes rest, decreasing weight-bearing on the affected area, shoe inserts or braces, and possibly cast immobilization. If the crack in the bone progresses further to a complete break, surgery may be required.

    What is a strain?

    A strain is an injury to a muscle or tendon, and is often caused by overuse, force, or stretching. The treatment for a strain is rest, ice, compression, and elevation (R.I.C.E). If a tear in the muscle occurs, surgical repair may be needed.

    What does soft tissue damage pain feel like?
    When a soft tissue injury occurs, many individuals immediately feel pain and experience swelling and stiffness, although these symptoms may be delayed in some cases. Another delayed factor, bruising may follow 24 to 48 hours after the injury. more
    Can lobsters feel pain?
    U.K. researchers say crabs, lobsters and octopuses have feelings — including pain. The nervous systems of these invertebrates are at the center of a bill working its way through Britain's Parliament. more
    What does soft tissue pain feel like?
    You heard or felt a pop during the injury. You feel pain in the surrounding bones and ligaments or experience a tingling sensation. more
    Do bulldogs feel pain?
    Bulldog pain can be acute, as well as chronic, localized, as well as diffused, slow and dull, or instant and fast. Your bulldog pain intensity might be mild, moderate, or severe. more
    Do snakes feel pain?
    Because of their slow metabolisms, snakes remain conscious and able to feel pain and fear long after they are decapitated. more
    Can dogs feel pain?
    Dogs feel pain for many of the same reasons as humans: infections, dental problems, arthritis, bone disease and cancer. They also feel discomfort following surgical procedures. Unfortunately, unlike humans, they are unable to speak to us about when and where they hurt. more
    Do veins feel pain?
    When the valves breakdown the venous pressure increases. When the pressure becomes large enough it tries to stretch or actually does stretch the venous structures. Our veins have pain receptors and this stretching results in pain or aching. more
    Do pigs feel pain?
    Pigs and pain Much research exists showing pigs are highly intelligent animals that feel pain similar to humans, and that pigs squeal when they sense pain. One 2016 study published in Frontiers of Veterinary Science named inept handling as one way hogs can be injured. more
    Do puppies feel pain?
    Conclusions. The above analysis shows that sufficient maturation of the cerebral apparatus for puppies to consciously experience pain does not develop until at least 14 days after birth. more
    Can labor pain feel like kidney pain?
    Contractions start in the abdominal muscles, but some women may feel pain in the kidney region. more
    Can jellyfish feel pain?
    Can jellyfish feel pain? Jellyfish don't feel pain in the same way that humans would. They do not possess a brain, heart, bones or a respiratory system. They are 95% water and contain only a basic network of neurons that allow them to sense their environment. more

    Source: www.hopkinsmedicine.org

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