Logo on the WHO headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland. Editorial credit: ricochet64 / Shutterstock.com

    WHO is an acronym that stands for the World Health Organization , which is a body of the United Nations that is tasked with matters of international public health. The body, which is part of the United Nations Development Group, was established 70 years ago on April 7, 1948. Before its establishment, the Health Organization handled the role of the WHO. Over its existence, the WHO has played a part in dealing with a number of diseases such as smallpox, HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria, Ebola, and others. The WHO, which has its headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland , also handles the World Health Report, World Health Day, and the World Health Survey.

    Establishment of the WHO

    The establishment of the WHO goes all the way back to the period after the end of World War II. Before the war ended, the United Nations had not been established. Instead, countries around the world had formed the League of Nations, which in turn established the Health Organization. Aside from the Health Organization, there were other health organizations as well that worked outside the purview of the Health Organization.

    After World War II, at a United Nations conference in 1945, delegates from China , Norway , and Brazil came up with the idea of WHO. These delegates wanted an international organization of health under the umbrella of the United Nations. Delegates did not reach a resolution on the matter in that conference, which is why the WHO was first established through a declaration. The word “world” was used specifically to show the global status of the WHO. Eventually, all countries of the UN and an extra ten countries signed the constitution of the WHO on July 22, 1946.

    WHO Organizational Structure

    As stated earlier, the WHO is under the United Nations Development Group. As of 2016, the WHO had 194 member countries, which are all nations in the UN with the exception of the Cook Islands and Niue . Some countries and territories, such as Palestine , the Holy See , and Malta , are designated as observers. The organization has an Executive Board that is composed of health experts who advise the Health Assembly.

    The Health Assembly is the WHOs supreme and governing body and is based in Geneva. The assembly meets every year in May and is spearheaded by a Director-General who serves a tenure of five years. The Director-General is allowed to vote on issues to do with finance and policies as well as the budget. The assembly elects the members of the aforementioned Executive Board for a term of three years.

    The operations of the WHO are further subdivided into smaller regions as per the constitution of the WHO. Most of the crucial decisions, including budgeting, are done at the regional level. A Regional Committee, whose members come from member nations, also meets annually. Each Regional Committee has a Regional Director at the helm who serves for five years.

    Controversies

    Over the years, the WHO has had disagreements with other international bodies. For example, the body has been involved in a disagreement with the Roman Curia health departments. The departments advise people not to use condoms while the WHO is a strong supporter of condom usage to prevent sexually transmitted infections and unwanted pregnancies.

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    3. What Does WHO Stand For?
    What does WHO's stand for?
    who is Who's is a contraction of "who is" ('Who's there?') or "who has" ('Who's got the time?') . Whose is a possessive adjective meaning "of or relating to whom" ("Whose shoes are these?") If you mistakenly assume the 's on who's is for possession you'll use who's incorrectly. more
    Whats MMJ stand for?
    Summary of Key Points. "Medical Cannabis" is the most common definition for MMJ on Snapchat, WhatsApp, Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, and TikTok. more
    Whats NATO stand for?
    The North Atlantic Treaty Organization 1. An International Security Hub: The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is one of the world's major international institutions. It is a political and military Alliance of 28 member countries from Europe and North America. more
    Whats PDA stand for?
    PDA is an abbreviation for public display of affection, as when a couple makes out in public. more
    Whats VPN stand for?
    virtual private network VPN stands for "virtual private network" — a service that helps you stay private online. A VPN establishes a secure, encrypted connection between your computer and the internet, providing a private tunnel for your data and communications while you use public networks. more
    Whats REO stand for?
    Real estate owned (REO) is property owned by a lender, such as a bank, that has not been successfully sold at a foreclosure auction. A lender—often a bank or quasi-governmental entity such as Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac—takes ownership of a foreclosed property when it fails to sell at the amount sought to cover the loan. more
    Whats Yolo stand for?
    You Only Live Once Teen slang phrases and acronyms, such as YOLO (You Only Live Once) and FOMO (Fear of Missing Out), can significantly influence the behavior of teenagers and adolescents. more
    What does >> stand for?
    greater than > is a symbol that means “greater than.” In math, it shows one value is larger than another (4 > 3). It can also conveniently stand in for the phrase greater than in casual writing (triceratops > T-rex, which it is, folks). On the internet, > is also shorthand for “implying,” used to mock people online. more
    Whats EP stand for?
    EP commonly stands for extended play, a musical recording which is popularly understood as shorter than a full album (about four to seven tracks). more
    What does LML stand?
    LML is an internet slang acronym standing for, depending on context, laughing mad loud or love my life. more
    Whats ASL stand for?
    American Sign Language Asl definition American Sign Language. abbreviation. 11. 5. (Internet, slang) Age, Sex, Location. more

    Source: www.worldatlas.com

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