The changing technology and digitalization need organized and maintained principles, guidance, and security for further development. Technology is seen as a prominent factor of a country’s progress, so therefore it needs to be maintained as well. One of the practical solutions is NEC and IEC.  NEC’s primary work is to provide security, while IEC’s primary work is guidance. However, NEC is much safer than IEC.

    The main difference between NEC and IEC is that NEC’s significant goal is to provide safety. Meanwhile, IEC’s primary goal is to guide only. Secondly, NEC was established by the US, while IEC is developed in Europe, thus following European concepts and regulations. Thirdly, NEC has all things to support themselves, while IEC requires additional supporting documents and uniformity. Fourthly, NEC works are safer, while IEC works can be risky. Lastly, NEC is worthy as a model code document, while IEC is not. 

    NEC is a solution for organizing technology and electrical management in the US. It was issued by NFPA. Besides, it was developed to maintain the organization with the continuously changing technology by the standard installation of the electrical system. And its primary goal is to provide safety. Moreover, it is appropriate as a model code document, thus it has everything to support itself. Lastly, it is seen as a much safer solution. 

    IEC is also a solution for organizing technology and electrical management in the US. It was issued by the International Electrotechnical Commission. Besides, it was developed to guide authorities in developing national wiring principles. And its primary goal is to provide guidance. Moreover, it is not appropriate as a model code document as it doesn’t have all the supporting documents and uniformity. Lastly, it is seen as a much risky solution. 

    Comparison Table Between NEC and IEC

    Parameters of comparison  NEC IEC Significant goal NEC’s significant goal is to provide safety. IEC’s primary goal is to guide only.  Developed NEC was established by the US. IEC is developed in Europe, thus following European concepts and regulations.  Requires supporting document NEC has all things to support themselves. IEC requires additional supporting documents and uniformity. Safer NEC works are safer. IEC works can be risky.  Appropriate  NEC is appropriate as a model code document. IEC is not.

    What is NEC?

    A country is developed with the use of technology and digitalization. So, investing in technology and 

    advancing digitalization is necessary. Besides, the development and success of a country are measured by investment in technology and advanced digitalization. 

    So, a country can use techs and machinery without proper management, organization, and set standards to use it for public or government work. 

    Therefore, NEC  was developed for the organization of technology and electronic management, especially in the United States.  It was issued by National Fire Protection Association NFPA. The main reason behind establishing NEC was the requirement of North America for a stable electrical system. It ultimately lead to standard installation which was required due to the continuous advancement of machinery and digitalization.

    So, NEC was developed mainly due to the needs of North America and it evolved with the advancing machinery and digitalization. 

    It contains its language for further designing and installing electronics while safety standards are being met. 

    Apparently, NEC is not only adopted by the United States, but it is also adopted by Mexico, Costa Rica, Venezuela, and Columbia for an organized installation. 

    Besides, its primary goal is to provide safety. Moreover, it is appropriate as a model code document, thus it has everything to support itself. Lastly, it is seen as a much safer solution. 

    What is IEC? 

    As already mentioned, a country is developed with the use of technology and digitalization. So, investing in technology and advancing digitalization is necessary. Besides, the development and success of a country are measured by investment in technology and advanced digitalization. 

    Therefore, IEC  was developed for the organization of technology and electronic management along with guidance. It was issued by International Electrotechnical Commission. The main reason behind establishing IEC was the requirement of Europe for a stable electrical system. In 1969 in Europe, there was a failure in maintaining installation requirements resulting in irreversible differences

    So, IEC was developed mainly due to the needs of Europe and it evolved with the advancing machinery and digitalization. 

    IEC doesn’t have a model code document as NEC,  thus it is not suitable in many aspects. Also, the use of IEC can be risky as it doesn’t focus on overcurrent protection. However, NEC does provide overcurrent protection. 

    There’s always a requirement of the compatible document in IEC by engineers to have a foolproof installation. 

    Besides, it was developed to guide authorities in developing national wiring principles. And its primary goal is to provide guidance. Moreover, it is not appropriate as a model code document as it doesn’t have all the supporting documents and uniformity. Lastly, it is seen as a much risky solution. 

    Main differences between NEC and IEC 

    The technology and electronic management and organization in a country require set standards of security and guidance to develop national wiring principles as well as security from hazardous situations. One of the practical solutions is NEC and IEC, however, they differ a lot in most aspects. 

    1. NEC’s significant goal is to provide safety. Meanwhile, IEC’s primary goal is to guide only. 
    2. NEC was established by the US, while IEC is developed in Europe, thus following European concepts and regulations. 
    3. NEC has all things to support themselves, while IEC requires additional supporting documents and uniformity.
    4. NEC works are safer, while IEC works can be risky. 
    5. NEC is worthy as a model code document, while IEC is not. 

    Conclusion 

    To build national wiring principles as well as security against dangerous scenarios, a country’s technology and electronic management and organization need defined security standards and advice. NEC and IEC are two viable alternatives, yet they differ greatly in most respects.

    In the United States, NEC is a technological and electrical management solution. It was published by the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA). Furthermore, it was created to keep the organization up to date with constantly evolving technologies through standard electrical system installation. Its main objective is to keep people secure. Furthermore, it is suited as a model code document, therefore it is self-supporting. Finally, it is seen as a far more secure option.

    In the United States, IEC is also a solution for coordinating technology and electrical administration. The International Electrotechnical Commission issued it. It was also created to assist authorities in defining national wiring standards. Its main objective is to offer direction. Furthermore, it is insufficient as a model code document because it lacks all supporting documentation and homogeneity. Finally, it is seen as a considerably riskier option.

    References 

    1. https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/8666118/
    2. https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/648166/

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