TABLE OF CONTENTS: 5.1 FAR PART 1—DEFINITIONS AND ABBREVIATIONS 5.2 FAR PART 21—CERTIFICATION PROCEDURES FOR PRODUCTS AND PARTS 5.3 FAR PART 39—AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVES 5.4 FAR PART 43—MAINTENANCE, PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE, REBUILDING, AND ALTERATION 5.5 FAR PART 61—CERTIFICATION: PILOTS, FLIGHT INSTRUCTORS, AND GROUND INSTRUCTORS 5.6 FAR PART 71—DESIGNATION OF CLASS A, B, C, D, AND E AIRSPACE AREAS

    5.1 FAR PART 1—Definitions and Abbreviations

    General Definitions:

    For the CERTIFICATION OF AIRMEN (these are the categories and classes of aircraft that appear on PILOT CERTIFICATES), the following definitions apply:

    Aircraft Categories these are broad classifications of aircraft (for certification of airmen)

    • Airplane
      • Airplane Classes (for certification of airmen)
        • Single-engine land
        • Multiengine land
        • Single-engine sea
        • Multiengine sea
    • Rotorcraft
      • Rotorcraft Classes (for certification of airmen)
        • Helicopter
        • Gyrocopter
    • Glider
    • Lighter-than-air
      • Lighter-than-air Classes (for certification of airmen)
        • Airship
        • Free balloon
        • Hot air balloon
        • Gas balloon

    Remember, the above category and class definitions are for certification of airmen purposes. For certification of aircraft there are different definitions.

    For the CERTIFICATION OF AIRCRAFT, the following definitions apply:

    Category, is based on intended use or operating limitations (for certification of aircraft purposes).

    1) Transport 2) Normal 3) Utility 4) Limited 5) Restricted 6) Acrobatic 7) Provisional

    Air traffic control (ATC) clearance is defined as an authorization to proceed under specific traffic conditions in controlled airspace.

    Night is defined as the time between the end of evening civil twilight and the beginning of morning civil twilight, as published in the American Air Almanac converted to local time. However, for the " recency of experience " provisions of FAR 61.57, night is defined as from 1 hr. after sunset to 1 hr. before sunrise.

    Caution: On the FAA knowledge test, you could get questions on both definitions, so be sure to read carefully!

    Abbreviations and Symbols

    The following are abbreviations for v-speeds:

    VFE - maximum flap extended speed. VLE - maximum landing gear extended speed. VNO - maximum structural cruising speed. VA - design maneuvering speed. VS0 - the stalling speed or the minimum steady flight speed in the landing configuration. VX - speed for best angle of climb. VY - speed for best rate of climb.

    Ascent Quick Quiz

    Ascent Quick Quiz - 5.1 FAR PART 1—Definitions and Abbreviations

    Question 1: With respect to the certification of airmen, which is a category of aircraft? Answer

    Question 2: With respect to the certification of airmen, which is a class of aircraft? Answer

    Question 3: With respect to the certification of aircraft, which is a category of aircraft? Answer

    Question 4: With respect to the certification of aircraft, which is a class of aircraft? Answer

    Question 5: The definition of nighttime is Answer

    Question 6: An ATC clearance provides Answer

    Question 7: Which V-speed represents maximum flap extended speed? Answer

    Question 8: Which V-speed represents maximum landing gear extended speed? Answer

    Question 9: VNO is defined as the Answer

    Question 10: Which V-speed represents maneuvering speed? Answer

    Question 11: VS0 is defined as the Answer

    Question 12: Which would provide the greatest gain in altitude in the shortest distance during climb after takeoff? Answer

    Question 13: After takeoff, which airspeed would the pilot use to gain the most altitude in a given period of time? Answer

    5.2 FAR PART 21—Certification Procedures for Products and Parts

    21.181 Duration of Airworthiness Certificates

    Airworthiness certificates remain in force as long as maintenance and alteration of the aircraft are performed per applicable FARs.

    Ascent Quick Quiz

    Ascent Quick Quiz - 5.2 FAR PART 21—Certification Procedures for Products and Parts

    Question 1: How long does the Airworthiness Certificate of an aircraft remain valid? Answer

    5.3 FAR PART 39—Airworthiness Directives

    39.1 Applicability

    Airworthiness Directives (ADs) are issued under FAR Part 39 by the FAA to require correction of unsafe conditions found in an airplane, an airplane engine, a propeller, or an appliance when such conditions exist and are likely to exis or develop in other products of the same design. Since ADs are issued under FAR Part 39, they are regulatory and must be complied with, unless a specific exemption is granted.

    39.3 General

    No person may operate a product to which an AD applies except in accordance with the requirements of that AD. Thus, you may operate an airplane that is not in compliance with an AD, if such operation is allowed by the AD.

    Ascent Quick Quiz

    Ascent Quick Quiz - 5.3 FAR PART 39—Airworthiness Directives

    Question 1: What should an owner or operator know about Airworthiness Directives (AD's)? Answer

    Question 2: May a pilot operate an aircraft that is not in compliance with an Airworthiness Directive (AD)? Answer

    5.4 FAR PART 43—Maintenance, Preventive Maintenance, Rebuilding, and Alteration

    43.3 Persons Authorized to Perform Maintenance, Preventive Maintenance, Rebuilding, and Alterations

    A person who holds a pilot certificate may perform preventive maintenance on any airplane owned or operated by that pilot which is not used in air carrier services.

    43.7 Persons Authorized to Approve Aircraft Airframes, Aircraft Engines, Propellers, Appliances, or Component Parts for Return to Service after Maintenance, Preventive Maintenance, Rebuilding, or Alteration

    To approve the airplane for return to service, after preventive maintenance was done by a pilot, the pilot must hold at least a private pilot certificate.

    43.9 Maintenance Records

    After preventive maintenance has been performed, the signature, certificate number, and kind of certificate held by the person approving the work and a description of the work must be entered in the aircraft maintenance records.

    Part 43, Appendix A. Major Alterations and Repairs and Preventive Maintenance

    Preventive maintenance means simple or minor preservation operations and the replacement of small standard parts not involving complex assembly operations. Examples include: Changing engine oil, replenishing hydraulic fluid, servicing landing gear wheel bearings.

    Ascent Quick Quiz

    Ascent Quick Quiz - 5.4 FAR PART 43—Maintenance, Preventive Maintenance, Rebuilding, and Alteration

    Question 1: What regulation allows a private pilot to perform preventive maintenance? Answer

    Question 2: Who may perform preventive maintenance on an aircraft and approve it for return to service? Answer

    Question 3: Preventive maintenance has been performed on an aircraft. What paperwork is required? Answer

    Question 4: Which operation would be described as preventive maintenance? Answer

    Question 5: Which operation would be described as preventive maintenance? Answer

    5.5 FAR PART 61—Certification: Pilots, Flight Instructors, and Ground Instructors

    61.3 Requirements for Certificates, Ratings, and Authorizations

    When acting as a pilot in command or as a required pilot flight crewmember, you must have a valid pilot certificate and a current and appropriate medical certificate in your personal possession or readily accessible in the airplane. You must present your pilot certificate or medical certificate upon the request of the Administrator of the FAA or his/her representative, or the NTSB, or any federal, state, or local law enforcement officer.

    61.23 Medical Certificates: Requirement and Duration

    For operations requiring a private, recreational, or student pilot certificate, at least a third-class medical certificate is required.

    A third class medical certificate will is valid:

    • 60th month after the month of the date of examination shown on the medical certificate, if you were under the age of 40 on the date of examination for your most recent medical certificate, or
    • 24th month after the month of the date of examination shown on the medical certificate, if you were 40 or older on the date of examination for your most recent medical certificate.

    61.31 Type Rating Requirements, Additional Training, and Authorization Requirements

    To act as pilot in command of a complex airplane, you must receive and log ground and flight training and receive a logbook endorsement. A complex airplane is defined as an airplane with retractable landing gear, flaps, and a controllable pitch propeller.

    To act as pilot in command of a high-performance airplane, you must receive and log ground and flight training and receive a logbook endorsement. A high-performance airplane is defined as an airplane with an engine of more than 200 horsepower.

    A person may not act as pilot in command of any of the following aircraft unless (s)he holds a type rating for that aircraft:

    • A large aircraft (i.e., over 12,500 lb. gross weight)
    • A turbojet-powered airplane
    • Other aircraft specified by the FAA through aircraft type certification procedures

    61.56 Flight Review

    A flight review must have been satisfactorily completed within the previous 24 calendar months to act as pilot in command of an aircraft. The expiration of the 24-month period for the flight review falls on the last day of the 24th month after the month of the examination date (i.e., 24 calendar months).

    A proficiency check or flight test for a pilot certificate, rating, or other operating privileges will also satisfy this requirement.

    Satisfactory completion of the review or flight test must be endorsed in the pilot's logbook by the reviewer.

    61.57 Recent Flight Experience: Pilot in Command

    To carry passengers, you must have made three landings and three takeoffs within the preceding 90 days.

    All three landings must be made in aircraft of the same category, class, and, if a type rating is required, the same type as the one in which passengers are to be carried.

    • Categories: Airplane, Rotorcraft, Glider, and Lighter-than-air.
    • Classes: Single-engine land, Single-engine sea, Multiengine land, and Multiengine sea.

    The landings must be to a full stop if the airplane has a tailwheel.

    To carry passengers at night, you must, within the last 90 days, have made three takeoffs and three landings to a full stop at night in an aircraft of the same category, class, and type, if required. Night, in this case, is defined as the period beginning 1 hr. after sunset and ending 1 hr. before sunrise.

    61.60 Change of Address

    You must notify the FAA Airman Certification Branch in writing of any change in your permanent mailing address.

    You may not exercise the privileges of your pilot certificate after 30 days from moving unless you make this notification.

    61.69 Glider Towing: Experience and Training Requirements

    Any person may tow a glider if that person has

    • At least a private pilot certificate
    • 100 hr. of pilot in command time in the aircraft category, class, and type, if required, that the pilot is using to tow a glide, and
    • Within the preceding 12 months:
      • Made at least three actual or simulated glider tows while accompanied by a qualified pilot, or
      • Made at least three flights as pilot in command of a glider towed by an aircraft

    61.113 Private Pilot Privileges and Limitations: Pilot in Command

    Private pilots may not pay less than an equal (pro rata) share of the operating expenses of a flight with the passengers. These operating expenses may involve only fuel, oil, airport expenditures, or rental fees.

    Private pilots may operate an aircraft carrying passengers on business only if the flight is incidental to that business or employment and the pilot is not paid as a pilot. For example, a Realtor who is also a private pilot might fly an aircraft carrying clients to a property to view, but not be paid for the piloting - this type of flight is incidental to the Realtor's professional duties or business (showing properties).

    A pilot may act as a pilot in command of an aircraft used in a passenger-carrying airlift sponsored by a charitable organization for which passengers make donations to the organization if

    1. The local FSDO (FAA Flight Standards District Office) is notified at least 7 days before the flight,
    2. The flight is conducted from an adequate public airport,
    3. The pilot has logged at least 200 hr.,
    4. No acrobatic or formation flights are performed,
    5. The aircraft complies with the 100-hr. inspection rule, and
    6. The flight is day-VFR.

    Ascent Quick Quiz

    Ascent Quick Quiz - 5.5 FAR PART 61—Certification: Pilots, Flight Instructors, and Ground Instructors

    Question 1: When must a current pilot certificate be in the pilot's personal possession or readily accessible in the aircraft? Answer

    Question 2: A recreational or private pilot acting as pilot in command, or in any other capacity as a required pilot flight crewmember, must have in his or her personal possession or readily accessible in the aircraft a current Answer

    Question 3: What document(s) must be in your personal possession or readily accessible in the aircraft while operating as pilot in command of an aircraft? Answer

    Question 4: Each person who holds a pilot certificate or a medical certificate shall present it for inspection upon the request of the Administrator, the National Transportation Safety Board, or any Answer

    Question 5: A Third-Class Medical Certificate is issued to a 36-year-old pilot on August 10, this year. To exercise the privileges of a Private Pilot Certificate, the medical certificate will be valid until midnight on Answer

    Question 6: A Third-Class Medical Certificate is issued to a 51-year-old pilot on May 3, this year. To exercise the privileges of a Private Pilot Certificate, the medical certificate will be valid until midnight on Answer

    Question 7: For private pilot operations, a Second-Class Medical Certificate issued to a 42-year-old pilot on July 15, this year, will expire at midnight on Answer

    Question 8: For private pilot operations, a First-Class Medical Certificate issued to a 23-year-old pilot on October 21, this year, will expire at midnight on Answer

    Question 9: A Third-Class Medical Certificate was issued to a 19-year-old pilot on August 10, this year. To exercise the privileges of a recreational or private pilot certificate, the medical certificate will expire at midnight on Answer

    Question 10: Before a person holding a private pilot certificate may act as pilot in command of a high-performance airplane, that person must have Answer

    Question 11: What is the definition of a high-performance airplane? Answer

    Question 12: The pilot in command is required to hold a type rating in which aircraft? Answer

    Question 13: In order to act as pilot in command of a high-performance airplane, a pilot must have Answer

    Question 14: To act as pilot in command of an aircraft carrying passengers, a pilot must show by logbook endorsement the satisfactory completion of a flight review or completion of a pilot proficiency check within the preceding Answer

    Question 15: If a recreational or private pilot had a flight review on August 8, this year, when is the next flight review required? Answer

    Question 16: Each recreational or private pilot is required to have Answer

    Question 17: If a recreational or private pilot had a flight review on August 8, this year, when is the next flight review required? Answer

    Question 18: To act as pilot in command of an aircraft carrying passengers, the pilot must have made at least three takeoffs and three landings in an aircraft of the same category, class, and if a type rating is required, of the same type, within the preceding Answer

    Question 19: If recency of experience requirements for night flight are not met and official sunset is 1830, the latest time passengers may be carried is Answer

    Question 20: To act as pilot in command of an aircraft carrying passengers, the pilot must have made three takeoffs and three landings within the preceding 90 days in an aircraft of the same Answer

    Question 21: The three takeoffs and landings that are required to act as pilot in command at night must be done during the time period from Answer

    Question 22: To meet the recency of experience requirements to act as pilot in command carrying passengers at night, a pilot must have made at least three takeoffs and three landings to a full stop within the preceding 90 days in Answer

    Question 23: The takeoffs and landings required to meet the recency of experience requirements for carrying passengers in a tailwheel airplane Answer

    Question 24: If a certificated pilot changes permanent mailing address and fails to notify the FAA Airmen Certification Branch of the new address, the pilot is entitled to exercise the privileges of the pilot certificate for a period of only Answer

    Question 25: A certificated private pilot may not act as pilot in command of an aircraft towing a glider unless there is entered in the pilot's logbook a minimum of Answer

    Question 26: To act as pilot in command of an aircraft towing a glider, a pilot is required to have made within the preceding 12 months Answer

    Question 27: In regard to privileges and limitations, a private pilot may Answer

    Question 28: According to regulations pertaining to privileges and limitations, a private pilot may Answer

    Question 29: What exception, if any, permits a private pilot to act as pilot in command of an aircraft carrying passengers who pay for the flight? Answer

    5.6 FAR PART 71—Designation of Class A, B, C, D, and E Airspace Areas

    71.75 Extent of Federal Airways

    Federal airways include that Class E airspace:

    • Extending upward from 1,200 ft. AGL to and including 17,999 ft. MSL
    • Within parallel boundary lines 4 NM each side of the airway's centerline

    Ascent Quick Quiz

    Ascent Quick Quiz - 5.6 FAR PART 71—Designation of Class A, B, C, D, and E Airspace Areas

    Question 1: The width of a Federal Airway from either side of the centerline is Answer

    Question 2: Unless otherwise specified, Federal Airways include that Class E airspace extending upward from Answer

    Lesson 5 - Federal Aviation Regulations: Part 1 eFlash Cards

    Lesson 5 - Federal Aviation Regulations: Part 1 Study Quiz

    What pilot documents must you have in your possession or readily accessible when acting as PIC?
    To legally act as PIC, a private, commercial, and airline transport pilot must have a current medical certificate and have all required endorsements, ratings, and recency of experience for the type of aircraft being flown and the flight conditions under which the flight is conducted (FAR 61.3, 61.31, 61.56, 61.57). more
    What documents must a student pilot carry in order to act as PIC quizlet?
    An appropriate pilot certificate and a current medical certificate. more
    What are the requirements to act as pilot in command of an aircraft carrying passengers?
    To act as pilot in command of an airplane with passengers aboard, you must have made at least three takeoffs and three landings (to a full stop if in a tailwheel airplane) in an airplane of the same category, class, and, if a type rating is required, of the same type within the preceding 90 days. more
    What is required in the FL Employee health Care Access Act?
    For example, the Florida Health Care Access Act requires that any employee signing up for insurance provide a full and accurate disclosure statement. more
    What document S must you have with you while operating as pilot in command of an aircraft?
    What document(s) must be in your personal possession or readily accessible in the aircraft while operating as pilot in command of an aircraft? A.A pilot certificate with an endorsement showing accomplishment of an annual flight review and a pilot logbook showing recency of experience. more
    Which document provides doctrine to plan coordinate provide and access manpower?
    This publication is the keystone document of the personnel series. It provides fundamental principles and guidance to plan, coordinate, provide, and assess manpower and personnel support to joint operations. This publication has been prepared under the direction of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (CJCS). more
    Which document provides doctrine to plan coordinate provide and access manpower and personnel support operations?
    the keystone document of the personnel series This publication is the keystone document of the personnel series. It provides fundamental principles and guidance to plan, coordinate, provide, and assess manpower and personnel support to joint operations. more
    What exception permits a private pilot to act as pilot in command of an aircraft carrying passengers who pay for the flight?
    inspection of the airplane requirement is complied with, and the flight is day-VFR. What exception, if any, permits a private pilot to act as pilot in command of an aircraft carrying passengers who pay for the flight? medical certificate if required and an appropriate pilot certificate. more
    What requirement must you meet to act as pilot-in-command of a high performance airplane?
    Federal aviation regulations require pilots to have a high-performance airplane endorsement in order to act as pilot-in-command (PIC) of a high-performance airplane. Any airplane with an engine of more than200 horsepower is considered “high-performance.” An airplane with a 200-horsepower engine does not qualify. more
    When may a person who holds a commercial pilot certificate act as pilot in command of an aircraft carrying persons or property for compensation or hire?
    Conversely, a person who holds an ATP Certificate or a Commercial Pilot Certificate may act as PIC of an aircraft for compensation or hire and may carry persons or property for compensation or hire if the pilot is qualified in accordance with part 61 and the requirements that apply to the operation being conducted ( more
    What is the document required to present to the pilot in command before flight?
    A pilot must carry a government issued photo ID, pilot certificate, and medical certificate. When exercising the pilot privileges as a required flight crewmember, the pilot must have in physical possession, or readily accessible in the aircraft, a valid pilot certificate or special authorization. more

    Source: www.ascentgroundschool.com

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