The kinetic energy can be transformed into mechanical energy to do the work or to generate another form of energy.
The kinetic energy of wind, waves, radiant energy is converted to mechanical energy using an object having enough potential energy to convert the kinetic energy to mechanical energy.
Mechanical energy is a form of the potential energy of the object and also kinetic energy while doing the work.
The kinetic energy is accompanied by mechanical energy. The translational kinetic energy is transferred to an object having the potential to convert this kinetic energy to a mechanical.
The energy can only be transformed into some other form of energy. In a process, the kinetic energy available in various forms like thermal energy converted to the kinetic energy of the vapours, the rotational, vibrational energy of the molecules, the velocity of the object, wind, waves, etc, is transferred to the mechanical energy to do the work.
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The blowing wind imparts mechanical energy to the propellers of a windmill that instigate mechanical energy.
When the air blows at high speed, the propellers of the windmill start rotating and the kinetic energy of the wind here is converted into the mechanical energy of the windmill. These rotations are escalated by the shaft attached to the propellers. The shaft is connected to the motor that increases the speed of rotation of propellers.
There are a number of processes that convert kinetic energy into mechanical energy due to the work.
The kinetic energy of the particles is converted into mechanical energy based on the potential energy associated with the object.
The process that leads to the conversion of kinetic energy to mechanical energy is as follows:-
Vibrations:- The vibrational energy produced in the molecules due to the perturbation caused or the results of the external sources in the vibrations of the molecules of the systems. The vibration is due to the back and forth motion of the molecules and is converted into the mechanical energy of the system.
Rotations:- The rotational motion of the object accelerating in the centripetal motion due to the exertion of the external kinetic energy necessarily converted into the mechanical energy depending upon the potential of the object.
Translational motion:- The kinetic energy of the object results in the translational motion of the object doing the mechanical work. An example is a vehicle accelerating on a path. The kinetic energy of the vehicle helps to migrate it from one place to another in a translational motion, parallelly producing mechanical energy due to which the vehicle runs.
Temperature Gradient:- As the temperature of the system goes high, the thermal energy radiated in the form of steam is utilized to convert the kinetic energy of the molecules to mechanical energy by projecting the turbines. This evaporating steam is jounced on the wheel of the turbine due to which it starts rotating and the kinetic energy of the steam is converted into mechanical energy.
Chemical Process:- The helix motion of the charges exerting the electromagnetic field. This magnetic field produces results in the motion of the electric motors. There are electric batteries used in cars, machines, and other equipment that introduce mechanical energy in the system. Hence chemical energy is also utilized to grasp the mechanical energy from the object.
Electromagnetic Process: – The motion of magnetized charged particles in a magnetic field results in helix oscillations thus rotational kinetic motion of the device is converted into mechanical work.
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The kinetic energy available in the form of wind and waves is converted to mechanical energy using turbines and generators.
The kinetic energy of the molecules available in a different form is converted into mechanical energy directly or by initially converting it into some other form of energy to derive the mechanical energy.
There are different processes to convert the kinetic energy of the particles into mechanical energy as we have discussed the few above.
The kinetic energy of the particles produces thermal energy which radiates the energy in the form of heat. This heat energy is given to the particles in the surrounding. This heat energy is incident on the turbine. The temperature difference makes the turbine rotate, thus converting the kinetic energy of the molecules to mechanical energy.
The same is in the case of deriving mechanical energy from the kinetic energy of the wind, waves, or thermal energy from the boreholes. The energy radiated is converted into mechanical energy by using a certain mechanized tool or any object.
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Translation kinetic energy is the energy utilized to move the object in a rectilinear motion of a curvilinear path.
It is the energy required by the rigid object to do the work to accelerate from its state of rest position at a certain velocity ‘v’.
The magnets are widely used in different types of equipment and tools that result in the back and forth movement of the object and rotational motion.
The presence of magnetic field results in the motion of electrons either clockwise or anti-clockwise, this circular motion results in the conversion of electromagnetic energy into mechanical energy.