When a person eats, nerve receptors inside the stomach sense when the stomach is full. These receptors then send signals to the brain, which the brain interprets as a sensation of fullness. This process helps prevent overeating.

    However, some people may feel full after consuming a very small amount of food. This is known as early satiety.

    Over time, early satiety can lead to nutritional deficiencies and associated health complications.

    Read on for more information about early satiety, including its symptoms, causes, and potential treatment options.

    Share on Pinterest Early satiety causes a person to feel full after eating a small amount of food.

    To maintain adequate nutrient levels, a person must consume an appropriate amount of calories per day. This amount varies according to:

    • age
    • sex
    • height and weight
    • activity level
    • genes

    Early satiety occurs when a person cannot eat an adequately sized meal or feels full after only a few bites. In the short-term, this can lead to nausea and vomiting . In the long-term, a person may experience nutritional deficiencies and associated health complications.

    The most common symptoms of early satiety include:

    • an inability to consume a full, adequately sized meal
    • feeling full after eating a very small amount of food
    • nausea or vomiting while eating

    If early satiety is due to an underlying medical condition, a person may experience additional symptoms. These symptoms will vary according to the condition.

    In general, a person should talk to a doctor if early satiety is accompanied by any of the following symptoms:

    • difficulty swallowing
    • dry cough
    • sore throat
    • gas
    • bloating
    • burping
    • indigestion
    • chest pain
    • difficulty breathing
    • nausea
    • vomiting
    • stomach pain
    • weight gain or loss
    • black, tarry stool
    • swollen ankles
    • poor wound healing

    There are many potential causes of early satiety. Some are relatively harmless, while others are much more serious.

    According to the Medical University of South Carolina in Charleston, one of the most common causes of early satiety is gastroparesis. This condition causes the contents of the stomach to empty slowly into the small intestine.

    People with gastroparesis may experience the following symptoms in addition to early satiety:

    • bloating
    • nausea
    • heartburn
    • pain in the stomach or abdomen
    • loss of appetite

    According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH) , one of the primary causes of gastroparesis is diabetes . This is because diabetes can cause damage to the nerves that affect the stomach and how it functions.

    Some other potential causes of early satiety include:

    • stomach ulcers
    • gastroesophageal reflux disease , wherein stomach acid goes up into the esophagus, or food pipe
    • gastric outlet obstruction, wherein food cannot easily enter the small intestine
    • irritable bowel syndrome
    • constipation
    • enlarged liver
    • fluid in the abdomen, or ascites
    • cancer

    When diagnosing early satiety, healthcare providers must make sure that the symptoms are not due to another gastrointestinal issue.

    To make an accurate diagnosis, a doctor will take the person’s medical history and conduct a physical examination. They may also order the following diagnostic tests to confirm the diagnosis, or to rule out other causes:

    • Complete blood count: This is a blood test that helps identify internal bleeding.
    • Stool test: This is a stool analysis that helps identify intestinal bleeding.
    • Abdominal ultrasound : This is an imaging technique that uses sound waves to look for abnormalities within the stomach. -Upper gastrointestinal series: This is an imaging technique that uses X-rays to examine the gastrointestinal tract.
    • Upper endoscopy: This is an imaging technique that uses a small camera to look inside the upper digestive tract.
    • Gastric emptying breath test : This is a procedure that uses breath carbon dioxide levels to assess how quickly the stomach empties food.
    • Gastric emptying scintigraphy : This procedure involves eating a meal containing a small amount of a radioactive substance. A scan then shows how quickly the food empties from the intestines.
    • SmartPill: This is an ingestible capsule that measures pH levels, pressure, and temperature throughout the gastrointestinal system.

    The treatment options for early satiety depend on its underlying cause.

    However, some general treatments that a doctor may recommend include:

    • eating several small meals throughout the day
    • consuming pureed or liquid food
    • consuming less fiber and fat
    • taking medications to help alleviate stomach discomfort
    • using appetite stimulants

    Some causes of early satiety may require surgery. Depending on the type and severity of the underlying condition, a doctor may recommend one of the following procedures:

    • Gastric electrical stimulation: This is a procedure that sends small pulses of electricity to the stomach to help prevent nausea or vomiting.
    • Feeding tubes: These are tubes that go in through a person’s nose and down into the stomach. They allow liquid nutrition to bypass the esophagus.
    • Total parenteral nutrition: This is a feeding method that uses a catheter to provide liquid nutrition directly to a vein in the chest.
    • Jejunostomy: This is a feeding method that uses a feeding tube to deliver nutrients directly into a small part of the intestine.

    Early satiety may be the result of a benign or serious condition. A person should see their doctor if they are frequently unable to eat a full meal, or if they feel full after only a few bites.

    Prolonged cases of early satiety can cause problems such as malnutrition and starvation. They may also lead to other health complications associated with poor nutrition.

    A healthcare provider will work to diagnose the cause of early satiety. Treating the underlying cause can help alleviate early satiety and prevent future episodes.

    Why am I getting full so fast?
    Feeling full after eating very little Possible causes of early satiety include gastroesophageal reflux disease, commonly known as GERD, and peptic ulcers. In some cases, a more serious problem — such as stomach cancer — could be a factor. more
    How can I feel full faster?
    8 ways to feel full faster
    1. Choose high-fibre foods.
    2. Add protein to every meal and snack.
    3. Serve yourself soup.
    4. Eat mindfully.
    5. Stick to your snack schedule.
    6. Use a smaller plate.
    7. Try additives (the good kind)
    8. See what science comes up with.
    more
    Why do I get full so fast then hungry again?
    You're eating refined carbs Those ingredients have been processed and lose many of their nutrients and fiber. Eating too many refined carbs doesn't leave you feeling full for long. In fact, it spikes your blood sugar and then when it drops, you're hungry again. more
    How can I get my bladder full fast?
    If you do have to force yourself, here are 10 strategies that may work:
    1. Run the water. Turn on the faucet in your sink.
    2. Rinse your perineum.
    3. Hold your hands in warm or cold water.
    4. Go for a walk.
    5. Sniff peppermint oil.
    6. Bend forward.
    7. Try the Valsalva maneuver.
    8. Try the subrapubic tap.
    more
    How fast can a soldier run in full gear?
    ' training school, soldiers must be able to run at 6.42mph (10.34km/h) while in full gear (most don't deviate much from this speed). The average walking speed of humans under daily conditions is about 3.1mph (5km/h). more
    What is a full Canadian breakfast?
    The Canadian Diet Traditional breakfast foods in Canada are cooked eggs, fried pork sausages or bacon, fried or deep-fried potatoes, toasted bread, pancakes (or egg-battered French Toast) and syrup, cereals, or hot oatmeal. more
    Can dogs eat full English breakfast?
    Another food that both you and your dog can eat for breakfast, or, let's be honest, any other meal of the day? Scrambled eggs. Eggs are a great source of protein for dogs, and they're safe for Fido to eat as long as they're fully cooked. more
    How do you make your pet full grown in Adopt Me Fast 2021?
    Is SlimFast full of sugar?
    Sugar can make you fat. Because SlimFast foods are so full of sugar, you might be running a hamster wheel when it comes to keeping the weight off. more
    Whats in a full Irish breakfast?
    All full Irish breakfasts include some or all of the following: Bacon, sausages, baked beans, eggs, mushrooms, grilled tomatoes, and perhaps some cooked leftover potatoes made into a hash or a bubble and squeak. There will also be toast, butter, marmalade, and lots of tea to drink. more
    How do I digest faster when full?
    What Helps Digestion After Overeating?
    1. Relax. Don't beat yourself up over one binge session.
    2. Don't take a nap. As tempting as it may be, don't lie down or go to sleep.
    3. Take a walk.
    4. Sip some water.
    5. Avoid carbonated drinks.
    6. Take some probiotics.
    more

    Source: www.medicalnewstoday.com

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