You’ve probably heard the suggestion to pee on a jellyfish sting to take away the pain. And you’ve likely wondered if it really works. Or you may have questioned why urine would be an effective treatment for a sting.

    In this article, we’ll take a closer look at the facts and help uncover the truth behind this common suggestion.

    Quite simply, no. There is no truth to the myth that peeing on a jellyfish sting can make it feel better. Numerous studies have found that this simply doesn’t work.

    One of the possible reasons that this myth became popular could be due to the fact that urine contains compounds like ammonia and urea. If used alone, these substances may be helpful for some stings. But your pee contains a lot of water. And all that water dilutes the ammonia and urea too much to be effective.

    What’s more, the sodium in your urine, together with the velocity of the urine stream could move the stingers around in the injury. This could trigger the stingers to release even more venom.

    Here’s what happens when you get stung by a jellyfish:

    • Jellyfish have thousands of tiny cells on their tentacles (known as cnidocytes) that contain nematocysts. They’re like tiny capsules that contain a sharp, straight, and narrow stinger that’s tightly coiled and armed with venom.
    • The cells on the tentacles can be activated by an outside force that makes contact with them, such as your arm brushing against a tentacle, or your foot smashing a dead jellyfish on the beach.
    • When activated, a cnidocyte pops open and fills with water. This added pressure forces the stinger out of the cell and into whatever triggered it, like your foot or arm.
    • The stinger releases venom into your flesh, which can get into tissues and blood vessels that it pierces.

    This all happens incredibly quickly — in as little as 1/10 of a second.

    The venom is what causes the sharp pain you experience when a jellyfish stings you.

    Most jellyfish stings are harmless. But there are some types of jellyfish that contain poisonous venom that can be dangerous if you don’t get immediate medical attention.

    Some common, and less serious, jellyfish sting symptoms include:

    • pain that feels like a burn or prickling sensation
    • visible colored marks where the tentacles touched you that are usually a purple, brown, or reddish color
    • itchiness at the sting site
    • swelling around the sting area
    • throbbing pain that spreads beyond the sting area into your limbs

    Some jellyfish sting symptoms are much more severe. Seek emergency medical attention if you experience any of the following symptoms:

    • stomach pain, vomiting and nausea
    • muscle spasms or muscle pain
    • weakness, drowsiness, confusion
    • fainting
    • trouble breathing
    • heart issues, such as rapid or irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia)

    Some jellyfish are relatively harmless, but others can have deadly stings. Here’s a summary of the types of jellyfish you may run into, where they are typically found, and how severe their stings are:

    • Moon jelly (Aurelia aurita): A common but harmless jellyfish whose sting is typically mildly irritating. They are found in coastal waters around the world, mostly the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian oceans. They are commonly found on the coasts of North America and Europe.
    • Portuguese man-o-war (Physalia physalis): Found mostly in warmer seas, this species floats on the surface of the water. While its sting is rarely deadly to people, it can cause intense pain and welts on exposed skin.
    • Sea wasp (Chironex fleckeri): Also known as box jellyfish, this species lives in the waters around Australia and Southeast Asia. Their sting can cause intense pain. Although rare, the sting of this jellyfish can cause life threatening reactions.
    • Lion’s mane jellyfish (cyanea capillata): Found mostly in the cooler northern regions of the Pacific and Atlantic oceans, these are the world’s largest jellyfish. Their sting can be deadly if you’re allergic to it.
    • Don’t ever touch a jellyfish, even if it’s dead and lying on the beach. The tentacles can still trigger their nematocysts even after death.
    • Talk to lifeguards or other safety personnel on duty to see if any jellyfish have been spotted or if stings have been reported.
    • Learn how jellyfish move. They tend to go along with ocean currents, so learning where they are and where the currents are taking them can help you avoid a jellyfish encounter.
    • Wear a wetsuit or other protective clothing when you’re swimming, surfing, or diving to protect your bare skin from brushing against jellyfish tentacles.
    • Swim in shallow waters where jellyfish usually don’t go.
    • When walking into the water, shuffle your feet slowly along the bottom of the water. Disturbing the sand may help you avoid catching sea critters, including a jellyfish, by surprise.

    Don’t believe the myth that peeing on a jellyfish sting can help. It can’t.

    There are multiple other ways to treat a jellyfish sting, including removing tentacles from your skin and rinsing with sea water.

    If you have a more severe reaction, like difficulty breathing, a rapid or irregular heartbeat, muscle spasms, vomiting, or confusion, get medical attention right away.

    Why does pee help jellyfish stings?
    There is no truth to the myth that peeing on a jellyfish sting can make it feel better. Numerous studies have found that this simply doesn't work. One of the possible reasons that this myth became popular could be due to the fact that urine contains compounds like ammonia and urea. more
    Are you really supposed to pee on a jellyfish sting?
    Despite what you may have heard, it's a myth that peeing on a jellyfish sting does anything to ease the pain. Not only are there no studies to support this idea, but urine may actually worsen the sting, too. more
    What is the cure for a jellyfish sting?
    To help reduce the pain, you can put calamine lotion or hydrocortisone cream on a jellyfish sting. You can also use an ice pack or hot water to help with the pain and swelling. more
    Can pee cure a jellyfish sting?
    There are several popular methods to relieving the pain of a jellyfish sting, one being to apply urine. However, one UAMS specialist says there is no evidence that this method works. “Despite what anyone tells you, do not apply vinegar, urine or meat tenderizer to the affected area,” UAMS neurosurgeon Dr. T. more
    Do brown jellyfish in Greece sting?
    The Greek beach jellyfish are not really dangerous. Their sting can be annoying and uncomfortable for a little while but this is the extent of it. However, if you get stung by any of the jellyfish often found in Greece, you can do the following: Rinse the affected area with sea-water. more
    Can jellyfish still sting you when they are dead?
    The tentacles of the jellyfish have tiny stingers called nematocysts which can detach, stick to skin, and release venom. Even if the jellyfish is dead, it can still sting you because the cell structure of nematocysts is maintained long after death. more
    Does peeing on a jellyfish sting work?
    Despite what you may have heard, it's a myth that peeing on a jellyfish sting does anything to ease the pain. Not only are there no studies to support this idea, but urine may actually worsen the sting, too. more
    How long does a jellyfish sting last?
    Severe pain lasts 1-2 hours. Itch may last for a week. If the skin damage is severe, red or purple lines can last for weeks. General Reactions can occur if there are many stings. more
    Do fried egg jellyfish sting?
    The primary prey of the Fried Egg Jellyfish is zooplankton and other jellyfish. These appendages are usually colored a deep purple and while stingers are present, the sting has very little effect on humans. Its sting is so mild that the tentacles sometimes provide shelter to small fish in the open ocean. more
    Do you pee on jellyfish stings?
    There are several popular methods to relieving the pain of a jellyfish sting, one being to apply urine. However, one UAMS specialist says there is no evidence that this method works. “Despite what anyone tells you, do not apply vinegar, urine or meat tenderizer to the affected area,” UAMS neurosurgeon Dr. T. more
    Can jellyfish sting when dead?
    Jellyfish can sting if they brush against you when you're swimming in the ocean. You also can get stung if you step on a jellyfish, even a dead one. Usually, jellyfish stings will hurt, but are not emergencies. more

    Source: www.healthline.com

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