Possible causes of hair loss include:

    1. Androgenetic alopecia

    Share on Pinterest Possible causes of hair loss include androgenetic alopecia, pregnancy, and telogen effluvium.

    Androgenetic alopecia is another term for male or female pattern baldness . It is a very common cause of hair loss.

    Both male and female pattern baldness is genetic. Males tend to lose hair from the temples and crown of the head. In females, hair usually becomes thinner all over the head.

    Androgenetic alopecia is more likely to happen as a person ages but can start at any point after puberty . Many females who experience androgenetic alopecia develop it after going through the menopause . This means that hormones may have something to do with it.

    It is possible to treat this condition with minoxidil, a medication for hair growth.

    2. Pregnancy

    Some women may experience excessive hair loss shortly after giving birth. This is due to a decrease in estrogen levels. This type of hair loss is a temporary condition and usually resolves within a year or sooner.

    To help hair return to its normal condition, try:

    • using a volumizing shampoo and conditioner
    • using products designed for fine hair
    • avoiding intensive conditioners or conditioning shampoos as these can be too heavy for fine hair
    • applying conditioner to the ends of the hair, rather than the scalp, to avoid weighing hair down

    3. Telogen effluvium

    Telogen effluvium is a condition where the hair remains in the telogen (natural shedding) phase of the growth cycle. This causes more hair to fall out, sometimes in handfuls.

    Telogen effluvium is usually a temporary condition that resolves over time. It is advisable to see a doctor to find out the cause.

    Some possible causes include:

    • severe stress
    • surgery
    • childbirth
    • rapid weight loss
    • thyroid problems
    • certain medications

    A doctor will need to treat any underlying causes of telogen effluvium.

    If a doctor suspects that specific medications are causing hair loss, they may change them.

    4. Anagen effluvium

    Anagen effluvium causes large amounts of hair to fall out rapidly during the anagen (growth) phase of the hair cycle.

    The condition may cause hair to fall out from the head, as well as from other parts of the body, including eyebrows and eyelashes.

    Causes of anagen effluvium include:

    • chemotherapy
    • radiation
    • fungal infections
    • autoimmune disease

    Treatment for this condition depends on the cause but can include a topical solution of minoxidil.

    If a person has anagen effluvium as a result of undergoing chemotherapy , cooling the scalp during the procedure may help. Hair will often grow back 3–6 months after stopping chemotherapy.

    5. Alopecia areata

    Alopecia areata is an autoimmune condition that causes hair to fall out suddenly. The immune system attacks hair follicles, along with other healthy parts of the body.

    Hair from the scalp, as well as eyebrows and eyelashes, may fall out in small chunks.

    If a person has this condition, they should see a doctor. A doctor may prescribe medication to help the hair grow back.

    6. Traction alopecia

    Traction alopecia is hair loss due to pulling hair into tight hairstyles, which causes it to break and come loose. Hairstyles associated with this condition include:

    • tight buns or ponytails
    • braids
    • cornrows
    • extensions

    If traction alopecia continues, a person may develop bald spots and thinning of the hair.

    In terms of self-care, avoiding tight hairstyles will usually prevent further damage .

    7. Medications

    Certain medications have side effects that can cause hair to fall out.

    Examples of such medications include:

    • blood thinners, such as warfarin
    • Accutane, to treat acne
    • antidepressants , including Prozac and Zoloft
    • beta-blockers
    • cholesterol-lowering drugs, such as Lopid

    If a person thinks hair loss may be due to a medication they are taking, they should consider seeing a doctor for an assessment. The doctor might be able to reduce the dosage or switch the person to a different medication.

    8. Nutritional deficiencies

    Nutritional deficiencies can cause hair to fall out. Extreme diets that are too low in protein and certain vitamins , such as iron , can sometimes cause excessive hair shedding.

    A person should see a doctor for a blood test to check if they have a nutritional deficiency that could be causing their hair to fall out.

    9. Birth control pills

    People may experience hair loss while using birth control pills. Others might experience hair loss several weeks or months after they stop taking them.

    If people are taking birth control pills, they can choose one that has a low androgen index. This may help to lower the risk of hair loss.

    Examples of birth control pills with a lower androgen index include:

    • Desogen
    • Ortho-Cept
    • Ortho-Cyclen

    Ovral and Loestrin have a higher androgen index.

    Other forms of birth control that affect the hormones, such as implants and skin patches, may also cause hair loss.

    The American Hair Loss Association recommend that people who have an increased risk of genetic hair loss opt for a non-hormonal type of birth control.

    10. Ringworm

    Ringworm is a fungal infection that can cause hair loss. Ringworm on the scalp, or tinea capitis , can cause temporary bald areas on the head.

    Symptoms include:

    • a small spot that gets bigger, causing scaly, bald patches of skin
    • brittle hair that breaks easily
    • itchy, red patches of skin in the affected areas
    • oozing blisters on the scalp
    • ring-like patches, with a red outside and the inside of the circle matching the skin tone

    If ringworm does not heal by itself, then a doctor may prescribe an antifungal medicine. Alternatively, they may prescribe an antibiotic , such as Griseofulvin.

    To prevent hair loss, people may want to try:

    • lifestyle changes to reduce stress
    • eating a nutritious diet that includes proteins, fats, and certain vitamins and minerals

    The following may also help to stop further hair loss:

    • using a lightweight shampoo and conditioner to avoid weighing down the hair
    • avoiding tight hairstyles
    • limiting the use of heating processes that can damage the hair

    It is normal for a certain amount of hair to fall out every day. People usually lose up to 100 hairs each day.

    If a person notices that they are losing more hair than usual, they may have an underlying condition. In that instance, they should see a doctor and seek advice on what the best treatment options are.

    In many cases, a person’s hair will return to its normal state once a doctor has treated the underlying condition.

    Why is so much of my hair falling out?
    Using too much shampoo, brushing or combing your hair when it's wet, rubbing hair dry with a towel, or brushing too hard or too often can all strain your strands and make them break. Two big cause of breakage include braids that are too tight and weaves that weight down the hair. more
    How can I stop my hair from falling out female?
    There are various treatment options for female hair loss, including topical medications, such as Rogaine. Other options include light therapy, hormone therapy, or in some cases, hair transplants. Eating a nutritious diet and maintaining a healthy lifestyle can also help keep hair healthy. more
    What vitamin am I missing if my hair is falling out?
    Research shows that a lack of vitamin D in your body can lead to hair loss. One role vitamin D plays is stimulating new and old hair follicles. When there isn't enough vitamin D in your system, new hair growth can be stunted. more
    How can I stop my hair falling out and thinning?
    Ways to stop hair loss
    1. Eat extra protein. You may not be getting enough protein each day and that can affect your hair growth.
    2. Take vitamins.
    3. Follow the Mediterranean diet.
    4. Use over-the-counter hair loss medication.
    5. Try low-level laser light therapy.
    6. Maintain good hair and scalp care.
    7. Can hair loss be reversed?
    Does vitamin E reduce hair fall?
    Prevent hair loss A small trial from 2010 found that vitamin E supplements improved hair growth in people with hair loss. It's thought that the vitamin's antioxidant properties helped reduce oxidative stress in the scalp. Oxidative stress has been linked with hair loss . more
    Why am I so tired and my hair is falling out?
    Physical and psychological fatigue, closely linked to stress and burnout, can have an impact on hair loss. We explain everything. Fatigue associated with an emotional shock can lead to reactional hair loss, known as “acute telogen effluvium”. It usually appears three to four months after a triggering factor. more
    Does whey protein cause hair fall?
    There is no evidence that consuming whey protein will cause you to start losing your hair. This is especially true for people who weren't experiencing any kind of hair thinning or receding hairline prior to beginning to use protein regularly. more
    How can I stop my hair from falling out due to medication?
    1. Minoxidil (Rogaine). Over-the-counter (nonprescription) minoxidil comes in liquid, foam and shampoo forms.
    2. Finasteride (Propecia). This is a prescription drug for men.
    3. Other medications. Other oral options include spironolactone (Carospir, Aldactone) and oral dutasteride (Avodart).
    How long after taking iron will hair stop falling out?
    Answer: Iron deficiency and hair loss If you truly have iron deficiency as the cause of your hair loss, you need to treat your condition. Your hair growth may begin shortly thereafter, however it will take at least 6 months to see the volume of hair recover back to normal. more
    How often should you wash your hair if it's falling out?
    The oil (sebum) is excreted to protect the hair, which is why shampooing every day leaves the hair more vulnerable to damage. If you have normal to dry hair, try shampooing only once or twice a week with a thickening shampoo to counteract the thinning process. more
    How should I wash my hair to prevent hair fall?
    When washing your hair, try to wash the scalp only and avoid washing the ends. When rinsing the shampoo out, the ends will get clean by themselves. This way you are preventing your hair from getting tangled, so you do not have to brush it as much. Avoid brushing wet hair and rubbing it dry with a towel. more

    Source: www.medicalnewstoday.com

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