South Sudan is poor. In 2015, the extreme poverty rate increased to 66 percent. Only 27 percent of the population is literate, with an enormous gender gap: the literacy rate for males is 40 percent while the literacy rate for females is 16 percent. The infant mortality rate is 105 for every 1,000 births and 17 percent of children are not immunized. Roughly 38 percent of South Sudan’s people have to walk 30 minutes to access drinking water and 80 percent of the population does not have a toilet. The quality of life in this country is very low; however, with new policies the government can improve the country’s welfare.

    Why is South Sudan poor? The landlocked country is isolated from humanitarian professionals and foreign investors. Poor roads make the country impassable during the rainy season. The World Food Program reported that they only have a three-month window to deliver 100,000 tons of food (roughly 6,500 truckloads) before the rains come and make many areas inaccessible.

    Before South Sudan’s independence, the Sudanese government largely failed to build good roads in rural areas and left them neglected. Corruption was prevalent , causing those who controlled the companies’ capital to use those resources purely for their own gain.

    The world’s newest country is still developing government infrastructure. Between 1955 and 2005 , Sudan was engulfed in a brutal civil war, which left countless dead and homeless. After a failed peace agreement, South Sudan seceded from the north in 2011. However, fighting broke out in the country in 2013 and continues off and on to this day.

    The new government is wracked by division and as a result does not have the ability to build roads, provide basic education or ensure the welfare of its constituents. Moreover, funds and resources are often channeled into certain areas while others are ignored. Violence also plays a key factor in hindering aid from reaching key areas.

    However, conditions in the country could improve in the near future. A new government policy relying more on the country’s vast oil wealth could improve living conditions. The government has also made health and education a focus. The World Food Program is making progress in the country as well. The organization helped stave off a famine in 2014 when it dispatched 190,000 tons of food to the country and assisted 2.5 million people. South Sudan is poor, but there are many opportunities for improvement.

    Bruce Edwin Ayres Truax Photo: Flickr

    Why is South Sudan still poor?
    Between 1955 and 2005, Sudan was engulfed in a brutal civil war, which left countless dead and homeless. After a failed peace agreement, South Sudan seceded from the north in 2011. However, fighting broke out in the country in 2013 and continues off and on to this day. more
    Is South Sudan poor?
    As a consequence, South Sudan remains severely impacted fragility, economic stagnation, and instability a decade after independence. Poverty is ubiquitous and is being reinforced by ongoing intercommunal conflict, displacement, and external shocks. more
    Why is education so poor in South Sudan?
    Some of the out-of-school children are living in pastoral communities, moving with their cattle and are not able to attend regular classes. The largest group of out-of-school children in South Sudan are girls. Poverty, child marriage and cultural and religious views all hinder girls' education. more
    Why does South Sudan have poor education?
    Many issues prevent the educational infrastructure in South Sudan from reaching its full potential, including poverty, governmental failures, ongoing violence, poor health of its citizens, and inaccessibility to schools that are overcrowded, underfunded, and operated by unqualified teachers. more
    Is South Sudan poor country?
    South Sudan became the world's newest country and Africa's 55th nation in July 9, 2011.Economy of South Sudan. more
    Is South Sudan rich or poor?
    Economy of South Sudan more
    What makes South Sudan so poor?
    In South Sudan, poverty and food insecurity are prevalent despite the country's abundance of natural resources. Challenges include civil wars and prolonged violence. These challenges contribute to a significant number of people living below the poverty line within the nation. more
    Why is South Sudan so poor?
    In South Sudan, poverty and food insecurity are prevalent despite the country's abundance of natural resources. Challenges include civil wars and prolonged violence. These challenges contribute to a significant number of people living below the poverty line within the nation. more
    Is South Sudan poor or rich?
    poverty According to the World Bank's latest estimates, about 82% of South Sudanese people endure poverty, surviving on less than $1.90 per day. An Abundance of Natural Resources. Although South Sudan falls high on the poverty scale, the country has many natural resources. more
    Why is South Sudan education poor?
    Education is hindered by poverty, child marriage and cultural and religious views that also hinder girls' education. It is acknowledged that these factors put the children's future -- and the future of the country -- at risk. South Sudan faces major challenges. more
    Is South Sudan a poor country?
    South Sudan is one of the poorest countries in the world. Two-thirds of its population is dependent on humanitarian aid. more

    Source: borgenproject.org

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